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姓名 余威遠(Wei-Yuan Yu) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 人力資源管理研究所(Institute of Human Resource Management)
畢業學位 碩士(Master) 畢業時期 103學年第1學期
論文名稱(中) 威權領導與情感性承諾、心理幸福感間關係之研究-心理資本的調節作用
論文名稱(英) Relationships among Authoritarian Leadership and Affective Commitment and Psychological Well-being: The Moderating Effect of Psychological Capital
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    紙本論文:5 年後公開 (2020-01-07 公開)

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    論文語文/頁數 中文/83
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    摘要(中) 在華人企業中,威權領導是主管常見的領導方式。已有研究指出主管的威權領導會破壞員工的情感性承諾以及心理幸福感。但是,若將威權領導的內涵分為專權領導以及尚嚴領導兩種成份,對於部屬的情感性承諾以及心理幸福感是否仍有相同的負向影響?此外,在心理資本的調節之下,專權領導以及尚嚴領導是否也仍會對部屬的情感性承諾以及心理幸福感有著同樣的影響?因此,本研究以部屬的角度來探討領導者作風對部屬的影響,並進一步假設心理資本具有調節作用。
      本研究以問卷調查法針對台灣地區全職工作者進行調查,最後得有效問卷386份,研究結果發現:1.主管的專權領導行為對部屬的情感性承諾有顯著的負向影響,但對部屬的心理幸福感則無顯著的影響;2.主管的尚嚴領導行為對部屬的情感性承諾以及心理幸福感有顯著的正向影響;3.心理資本在專權領導以及尚嚴領導中,對於情感性承諾以及心理幸福感之影響中無法產生調節作用。針對研究結果,本研究亦於文中提出管理意涵並詳加討論。
    摘要(英) In Chinese enterprises, authoritarian leadership is in charge of a common leadership. It has been pointed out that the leadership of the competent authority will destroy affective commitment, and psychological well-being of employees. However, if divided the connotation of authoritarian leadership into Juan-Chiuan leadership and Shang-Yan leadership, for affective commitment, and psychological well-being of his subordinates is it still the same negative effect? In addition, under the psychological adjustment of capital, yet strict authoritarian leadership and whether leadership will continue to subordinate the emotional commitment and psychological well-being has the same impact? Therefore, this study to investigate the effect of the angle of subordinates leader style subordinates, and further assume that psychological capital has a regulatory role.
    This study adopted a questionnaire survey method for full-time workers in the survey in Taiwan, and finally get 386 valid questionnaires, the results showed that: 1. The competent autocratic leadership behavior have a significant negative impact on subordinates affective commitment, but the subordinates psychological well-being of no significant impact; 2. Shang-Yan competent leadership behavior have a significant positive impact on the psychological well-being and affective commitment of subordinates ; three psychological capital in the autocratic leadership and leadership is still strict, for emotion. commitment and a sense of the impact of psychological well-being can not be a regulatory role. For the findings, this study also suggest that the management implications and discuss in detail in the text.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 心理幸福感
  • 情感性承諾
  • 尚嚴領導
  • 專權領導
  • 威權領導
  • 心理資本
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • psychological well-being
  • affective commitment
  • psychological capital
  • Juan-Chiuan leadership
  • authoritarian leadership
  • Shang-Yan leadership
  • 論文目次 目 次
    論文審定書…...................................... ..........................................…………………...i
    中文摘要…...................................... ..................................... ......................................ii
    英文摘要................................ .....................................................................................iii
    第一章 緒論.................................................................................................................1
    第一節 研究動機.....................................................................................................1
    第二節 研究目的.....................................................................................................3
    第三節 研究流程.....................................................................................................4
    第二章 文獻探討.........................................................................................................5
    第一節 威權領導…...................................... .........................…………………….5
    第二節 情感性承諾…...................................... .............................................……12
    第三節 心理幸福感…...................................... .........................................………18
    第四節 心理資本…...................................... .................................................……27
    第三章 研究方法.......................................................................................................36
    第一節 研究架構與假設................................... ...................................................36
    第二節 研究樣本...................................................................................................37
    第三節 研究工具....................................................................... ...........................39
    第四節 資料分析方法...........................................................................................46
    第四章 結果分析.......................................................................................................48
    第一節 各變項之描述與變項間之相關…...........................................................48
    第二節 威權領導對情感性承諾的影響...............................................................50
    第三節 威權領導對心理幸福感的影響...............................................................52
    第四節 心理資本調節威權領導對情感性承諾、心理幸福感的影響...............54
    第五章 討論與建議...................................................................................................57
    第一節 結果與摘要...............................................................................................57
    第二節 討論與建議...............................................................................................58
    第三節 研究限制..................................................................................................60
    參考文獻.....................................................................................................................61
    附錄.............................................................................................................................69
    圖次
    圖1-1 研究流程圖.......................................................................................................4
    圖2-1 組織承諾前因後果模示圖.............................................................................13
    圖2-2 組織承諾多元預測模示圖.............................................................................14
    圖2-3 組織承諾模式圖.............................................................................................15
    圖2-4 主觀幸福感架構圖.........................................................................................13
    圖2-6心理資本的四大構面圖..................................................................................33
    圖3-1 本研究架構圖.................................................................................................36
    表次
    表2-1華人企業的家長式領導研究............................................................................6
    表2-2家長式領導行為與部屬反應............................................................................7
    表2-3心理幸福感六個構面的定義..........................................................................25
    表2-4傳統心理學與正向心理學的比較..................................................................28
    表2-5四大資本類別描述..........................................................................................31
    表2-6心理資本構成因素..........................................................................................34
    表3-1樣本組成..........................................................................................................38
    表3-2專權領導量表之問卷題項..............................................................................39
    表3-3尚嚴領導量表之問卷題項..............................................................................40
    表3-4 情感性承諾量表之問卷題項.........................................................................41
    表3-5 心理幸福感量表之問卷題項.........................................................................42
    表3-6 心理資本量表之問卷題項.............................................................................43
    表3-7 個人背景資料題項.........................................................................................44
    表3-8 社會讚許量表之問卷題項.............................................................................44
    表3-9 權力距離量表之問卷題項.............................................................................45
    表4-1 各變項之敘述性統計與相關係數.................................................................49
    表4-2 威權領導與情感性承諾的關係.....................................................................50
    表4-3 威權領導與心理幸福感的關係.....................................................................52
    表4-4 威權領導與情感性承諾的調節效果............................................................ 55
    表4-5 威權領導與心理幸福感的調節效果.............................................................56
    表5-1 研究結果摘要.................................................................................................57
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    口試委員
  • 林朱燕 - 召集委員
  • 周麗芳 - 委員
  • 任金剛 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2014-12-26 繳交日期 2015-01-07

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