博碩士論文 etd-0109107-175627 詳細資訊


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姓名 吳妍靚(Yan-Jing Wu) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 電機工程學系研究所(Electrical Engineering)
畢業學位 博士(Ph.D.) 畢業時期 95學年第1學期
論文名稱(中) 在行動無線網路上適用於具有優先權的多媒體資料流的頻寬分配機制
論文名稱(英) Generalized Bandwidth Allocation Mechanisms for Prioritized Multimedia Traffic in Mobile Wireless Networks
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    摘要(中) 無線網路技術的蓬勃發展已經帶來越來越多的多媒體資料流相關應用,又因為各種不同型態的資料流本身的頻寬需求、傳輸延遲敏感度和位元容錯率大不相同,所以設計出一個適當的頻寬分配機制來使用無線網路上的有限、珍貴的頻寬,以達成各種不同的服務品質需求是必要的。在本論文中,我們分別針對行動無線網路的兩種不同的媒介存取方式,也就是要求准許與自由競爭模式,提出廣義化的通道侵占機制(the GCPM)和以雜訊為基礎的且具有動態優先權調整的媒介存取控制機制(the JMDPA)。
    在我們所提出的廣義化的通道侵占機制中,一個行動連線以四個參數定義之:連線類別、資料類別、通道需求和侵占率。而為了有效的降低交遞連線的中斷機率,一個高優先權的交遞連線可以在行動網路壅塞時,對低優先權的進行中連線進行全部或部分的通道侵占,以取得服務。我們也以多維的馬可夫鏈建立了數學分析模式,來探討全部和部分通道侵占對行動無線網路產生的效應。在另ㄧ方面,我們提出了以雜訊為基礎的且具有動態優先權調整的媒介存取控制機制,針對單一跳躍的無線隨意式網路中的每個行動節點給予局部優先權和總體優先權兩個值;不論是局部優先權、或是總體優先權都會隨著每一次媒介競爭的結果做改變。如此一來,可以避免低優先權資料流的餓死情況和高優先權資料流之間的無用競爭。同樣的,我們也建立了一個多維的馬可夫分析模式和網路的規模分析來進行效能評估。數值分析的結果提供我們非常有用的準則來調整這個機制的參數,使之能夠支援具有優先權的多媒體資料流。
    摘要(英) The promising development of wireless technologies has brought in an increasing demand of multimedia traffic. Since various types of traffic are inherently distinct in bandwidth requirements, delay sensitivities, and error tolerances, an adequate bandwidth allocation scheme is essential for the limited radio resource to fulfill different QoS (quality of service) requirements in mobile wireless networks. In this dissertation, we present a generalized channel preemption scheme (the GCPM) and a jamming-based medium access control with dynamic priority adjustment (the JMDPA) for the two different medium access models of a mobile wireless network, grant/request-based and contention-based, respectively.
    In the proposed GCPM, a mobile call is identified by four parameters, call type, traffic class, channel requirement, and preemption ratio. To effectively reduce dropping probability, high-priority handoff calls are allowed to fully or partially preempt low-priority ongoing calls when the mobile network becomes congested. An analytical model with multi-dimensional Markov chains is introduced to simultaneously investigate the effect of full and partial preemptions on the performance of a mobile wireless network. On the other hand, the proposed JMDPA scheme prioritizes a mobile node with two priorities, local and global; both of the local and global priorities can be dynamically changed based on the outcome in every contention round. Thus, any possible starvation of low-priority traffic or any ineffective contention of high-priority traffic can be avoided. A multi-dimensional Markov model, together with the scalability analysis, is introduced to evaluate the performance of the proposed JMDPA. The analytical results provide very useful guidelines to tune the QoS parameters for supporting prioritized multimedia traffic.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 通道侵占
  • 交遞連線
  • 服務品質
  • 多媒體資料流
  • 干擾雜訊
  • 媒介存取控制
  • 馬可夫鏈
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Handoff Calls
  • Channel Preemption
  • Jamming Noise
  • MAC
  • Markov Chains
  • Multimedia Traffic
  • QoS
  • 論文目次 Chapter 1 Introduction 6
    1.1 Background 6
    1.2 Research Motivation 7
    1.3 Research Objectives 9
    1.4 Organization of the Dissertation 10
    Chapter 2 Literature Review and Research Frameworks 11
    2.1 Bandwidth Allocations with Grant/Request Model 11
    2.1.1 Literature Review 11
    2.1.2 Framework of Our Proposed Channel Preemption Schemes 13
    2.2 Bandwidth Allocations with Contention-based Model 15
    2.2.1 Literature Review 15
    2.2.2 Framework of Our Proposed JMDPA Scheme 17
    Chapter 3 A Preemptive Channel Allocation Scheme 19
    3.1 The PFP Channel Allocation Model 19
    3.2 Traffic Model and Performance Analysis 23
    3.2.1 Traffic Model 23
    3.2.2 Analytical Model 23
    3.3 Analytical Results and Discussions 31
    3.3.1 An Example of Performance Evaluation 31
    3.3.2 Results and Discussions 32
    3.3.3 Model Extensions for VBR Traffic 34
    3.4 Summary 34
    Chapter 4 A Generalized Channel Preemption Model for Multiclass Traffic 40
    4.1 The Generalized Channel Preemption Model (GCPM) 40
    4.2 Analytical Model of the GCPM 43
    4.2.1 Definitions 43
    4.2.2 The General Balance Equation 45
    4.2.3 Performance Measures 49
    4.3 Analytical Results 51
    4.3.1 Parameters for an Example 51
    4.3.2 Results and Discussions 53
    4.4 Summary 55
    Chapter 5 Dynamic Priority Adjustment in Single-hop 60
    Ad Hoc Networks
    5.1 The JMDPA Model 60
    5.1.1 Model Descriptions 60
    5.1.2 The JMDPA Algorithm 62
    5.2 Performance Evaluation 63
    5.2.1 Multi-dimensional Markov Model 63
    5.2.2 Performance Measures 66
    5.2.3 Scalability Analysis 69
    5.2.4 Model Extension for Multiple Hops 70
    5.3 Analytical Results and Discussions 71
    5.4 Summary 73
    Chapter 6 Conclusions and Future Works 79
    6.1 Conclusions 79
    6.2 Future Works 81
    References 83
    Index 90
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