博碩士論文 etd-0116113-141054 詳細資訊


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姓名 林伯駿(Bo-Jiun Lin) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 電機工程學系研究所(Electrical Engineering)
畢業學位 碩士(Master) 畢業時期 101學年第1學期
論文名稱(中) 在扇形FFR網路中換手中斷機率的數學模型
論文名稱(英) A Mathematical Model for Handoff-Call Blocking Probability in Sectorized FFR Networks
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    摘要(中) 本論文在FFR (Fractional Frequency Reuse)網路下建立數學模型來分析Handoff Call (HC)的連線中斷率,FFR網路下可分為Super Group (SG)和Sectors兩個區域,在FFR網路下會產生三種不同的HCs,分別為SG到Sector、Sector到SG、Sector到Sector的HC,我們使用移動率(Mobility)來描述這三種HCs的移動情形,移動率是Mobile Station (MS)的移動速度與平均移動距離的比值,平均移動距離的推導必須先求得三種HCs在不同區域的最遠移動距離,MS從SG到Sector的最遠移動距離為SG的直徑,MS從Sector到SG的最遠移動距離可由畢氏定理或餘弦定理求得,MS在相鄰兩Sector間的最遠移動距離可由餘弦定理求得。
    為了在FFR網路下分析HC的連線中斷率,我們使用馬可夫鏈(Markov Chains)來建立數學模型,馬可夫鏈間的狀態轉移率是由New Call (NC)的產生與結束以及HC在不同區域間的移動率來決定,最後,我們藉著改變MS的移動速度、Sector的個數、SG的半徑大小,從馬可夫鏈的狀態轉移矩陣(State Transition Matrix)中來分析HC在不同區域移動時的連線中斷率。
    摘要(英) In this thesis, we construct a mathematical model for FFR (Fractional Frequency Reuse) networks to analyze the blocking probability of handoff call (HC). Because an FFR network consists of two areas:super group (SG) and sectors, three different HCs exist, SG to Sector HC, Sector to SG HC, and Sector to Sector HC. Thus, we can use “mobility” to characterize the moving behaviors of three types of HCs. Mobility is defined as the average moving distance of mobile station (MS) divided by the velocity of MS. To derive the average moving distance of MS, we have to compute the longest moving distance of three types of HCs in different regions. The longest moving distance of the first-type HC is simply the diameter of SG. The longest moving distance of the second-type and the third-type HC can be derived by Pythagorean Theorem and Cosine Theorem respectively.
    Markov chains model is used to bulid the mathematical model. State transition rates between Markov chains are determined by the initiation and the termination of new calls (NC) and the mobility of the three types of HCs. Finally, we evaluate the blocking probability of three-types HCs from the state transition matrix of Markov chains by varying the velocity of MS, the number of sectors, and the radius of SG.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 馬可夫鏈
  • 連線中斷率
  • 移動率
  • 扇形區域
  • 換手
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Markov chains
  • blocking probability
  • mobility
  • sector
  • handoff
  • FFR
  • 論文目次 第一章 緒論 1
    1.1 研究動機 1
    1.2 研究方法 1
    1.3 章節介紹 3
    第二章 FFR網路內的連線研究 4
    2.1 FFR networks 4
    2.1.1 FFR 4
    2.1.2 OFDMA Channels 6
    2.1.3 New Call和Handoff Call的連線中斷 7
    2.2 相關研究 8
    第三章 FFR網路的連線中斷機率 13
    3.1 系統架構 13
    3.2 HC的移動率 15
    3.2.1 SG到Sector的移動率 15
    3.2.2 Sector到SG的移動率 17
    3.2.3 兩個Sector間的移動率 19
    3.3 系統運作流程 21
    3.4 數學模型建立 24
    3.4.1 數學模型假設 24
    3.4.2 馬可夫鏈 24
    第四章 數學分析與結果討論 32
    4.1 分析參數 32
    4.2 效能參數的設定 35
    4.3 數值結果與分析 36
    4.3.1 SG半徑固定時的連線中斷機率 36
    4.3.2 SG半徑改變時的連線中斷機率 41
    4.3.3 提高NC在SG的產生率 44
    4.3.4 系統中斷機率的分析 46
    第五章 結論與未來工作 48
    5.1 結論 48
    5.2 未來工作 49
    References 51
    INDEX 56
    附錄 59
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    口試委員
  • 李宗南 - 召集委員
  • 周孜燦 - 委員
  • 黃國勝 - 委員
  • 黃宗傳 - 委員
  • 許蒼嶺 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 2013-01-08 繳交日期 2013-01-16

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