博碩士論文 etd-0118106-202242 詳細資訊


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姓名 吳連文(Lien-Wen Wu) 電子郵件信箱 E-mail 資料不公開
畢業系所 電機工程學系研究所(Electrical Engineering)
畢業學位 博士(Ph.D.) 畢業時期 94學年第1學期
論文名稱(中) 運用速率及視窗調整之流量控制機制的效能預估模型
論文名稱(英) Performance Prediction Models for Rate-based and Window-based Flow Control Mechanisms
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    摘要(中) 在本論文中,我們分別針對運用速率與視窗調整之流量控制機制提出了效能預估模型。對於運用速率調整的流量控制(如應用在ATM網路中)而言,我們分別針對無壅塞與發生壅塞之網路,推導出兩個分析的模型去預估ACR的速率。另外,為協調TCP應用在ATM網路之合作問題,我們提出了一套新的演算法去監視ATM交換機的壅塞狀態,並根據回傳的RM細胞所回送的資訊來調整TCP壅塞視窗的大小。
       此外對於運用視窗調整的流量控制機制(如TCP-Reno與TCP-SACK)而言,我們也分別提出了分析模型,有系統的來捕捉在一個TCP視窗中發生多重封包遺失的特性。假若所遺失的封包數量超過本論文中所提出的上限時,已經遺失的封包可能無法用快速重傳的方式來恢復。最後我們也發展了一套模型去探討因多重連續封包遺失而造成訊務量下滑對TCP效能的影響。從此模型中所得到分析的結果,可經由OPNET的模擬來獲得驗證。
    摘要(英) In this dissertation, we present performance prediction models for rate-based and window–based flow control mechanisms. For rate-based flow control, such as in ATM network, we derive two analytical models to predict the ACR rates for congestion-free and congestion networks, respectively. To coordinate the cooperative problems of TCP over ATM networks, we propose a new algorithm to monitor the states of ATM switches and adjust TCP congestion window size based on RM cells.
    For window-based flow control mechanisms, such as in TCP-Reno and TCP-SACK, we respectively present analytical models to systematically capture the characteristics of multiple consecutive packet losses in TCP windows. Through fast retransmission, the lost packets may or may not be recovered. Thus, we present upper bound analyses for slow start and congestion avoidance phases to study the effects of multiple packet losses on TCP performance. Above the proposed upper bounds, the lost packets may not be successfully recovered through fast retransmission. Finally, we develop a model to study the TCP performance in terms of throughput degradation resulted from multiple consecutive packet losses. The analytical results from the throughput degradation model are validated through OPNET simulation.
    關鍵字(中)
  • 非同步傳輸模式
  • 流量控制
  • 關鍵字(英)
  • Throughput degradation
  • Window-based
  • TCP-SACK
  • TCP-Reno
  • Rate-based
  • Flow control
  • FECN
  • ATM
  • 論文目次 Tables of Contents
    List of Figures……………………………………………….. vi
    List of Tables………………………………………………… ix
    1 Introduction………………………………………………. 1
    1.1 Research Objectives…………………………………………… 1
    1.2 Research Approaches………………………………………..... 3
    1.3 Organizations………………………………………………..... 5
    2 Survey of Literatures…………………………………….. 6
    2.1 Frameworks of Flow Control Mechanisms………………..…6
    2.2 Rate-based Flow Control Mechanisms……………………… 8
    2.2.1 Characteristics of Rate-based Control Schemes……………….. 9
    2.2.2 Various Rate-based Flow Control Schemes…………………….. 9
    2.2.3 Comparisons of Rate-based Flow Control Schemes…………… 11
    2.3 Window-based Flow Control Mechanisms………………... 14
    2.3.1 TCP Characteristics……………………………………………… 14
    2.3.2 Different TCP Versions………………………………………….. 15
    2.3.3 Performance Comparisons………………………………………. 19
    2.4 Integration of TCP and ATM Networks…………………… 21
    3 Rate-based Flow Control Models………………………. 24
    3.1 FECN Rate-based Flow Control…………………………… 24
    3.2 Analytical Performance Prediction………………………… 25
    3.2.1 Models for No Congestion……………………………………….. 26
    3.2.2 Models for Congestion…………………………………………… 31
    3.3 Performance Evaluations and Simulation………………… 35
    3.3.1 Simulation Model………………………………………………… 35
    3.3.2 Analytical and Simulation Results………………………………. 36
    3.4 Cooperative Problems for TCP over ATM Networks…….. 42
    3.4.1 Integrated Flow Control Algorithm (IFCA)……………………. 43
    3.4.2 Simulation Model………………………………………………… 47
    3.4.3 Simulation Results……………………………………………….. 49
    4 Window-based Flow Control Models for TCP-Reno…. 52
    4.1 Assumptions and Definitions……………………………….. 52
    4.2 Modeling of Multiple Losses………………………………... 55
    4.2.1 Fast Recovery when ………………………………. 55
    4.2.2 Fast Recovery when ……………………………... 67
    4.3 Upper Bounds of Packet Losses……………………………. 70
    5 Upper Bound Analyses for Multiple Packet Losses in TCP- SACK
    …………………………………………………………………….. 81
    5.1 Multiple Consecutive Packet Losses……………………….. 81
    5.1.1 Assumptions and Definitions……………………………………. 81
    5.1.2 When ………………………………………………. 82
    5.1.3 When ………………………………………………. 87
    5.2 An Upper Bounds of Packet Losses………………………... 91
    5.3 Verification and Modification……………………………… 96
    5.3.1 Result Verification……………………………………………….. 96
    5.3.2 A Modified TCP-SACK………………………………………….. 99
    6 Performance Degradation Model for TCP-SACK……103
    6.1 Model Descriptions………………………………………… 103
    6.2 Throughput Degradation Model………………………….. 104
    6.2.1 No Packet Loss Indication……………………………………… 104
    6.2.2 Multiple Packet Losses with a Single-Loss Indication…………104
    6.2.3 Multiple Packet Losses with Multiple Loss Indications………. 115
    6.2.4 Calculations of Average Throughput…………………………... 118
    6.3 Simulation and Validation………………………………… 119
    7 Conclusions and Future Works……………………….. 122
    7.1 Conclusions………………………………………………… 122
    7.2 Contributions………………………………………………. 123
    7.3 Future Works………………………………………………. 124
    Bibliography……………………………………………….. 125
    Index ………………………………………………………...134
    Vita ………………………………………………………….137
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    口試委員
  • 謝錫堃 - 召集委員
  • 吳承崧 - 委員
  • 李錫智 - 委員
  • 賴威光 - 委員
  • 黃宗傳 - 委員
  • 黃崇明 - 委員
  • 許蒼嶺 - 指導教授
  • 口試日期 1996-01-12 繳交日期 2006-01-18

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