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博碩士論文 etd-0131110-235135 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0131110-235135
論文名稱
Title
文化智商與創業精神之關聯性研究
A Study on the Relationship Between the Culture Intelligence and Entrepreneurship
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
134
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2010-01-11
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2010-01-31
關鍵字
Keywords
個人屬性、創業精神、外派人員、人格特質、文化智商
Personal characteristics, Entrepreneurship, CQ, Personality, Cultural Intelligence
統計
Statistics
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中文摘要
全球化經濟的趨勢下,公司追求成長所面臨新的挑戰便是國際化人才的需求。為維持組織最大的競爭力,其重點係在尋找最具才能的員工,如何跨國選才、如何培育國際化的人才,已是現代企業生存的關鍵之一。在本研究所稱的外派人員(Expatriate)即指被公司派往母國以外的國家或地區工作,他們可能是母公司國籍的員工或第三國家的員工,但必是母公司所挑選合適且可信任之中間橋樑人員,但企業應如何遴選、成功的外派人員又該具備什麼樣的特質,才能勝任外派的任務。因此,本研究欲從人格特質為出發點,以企業外派人員為研究對象,探討文化智商、創業精神三者之間的關係。
研究變數資料的取得分為前測及正式問卷兩階段,採便利取樣,先透過特定對象發送問卷,並請受測對象協助聯絡適合對象再轉寄發送。由於受測對象派駐世界各地,本研究多以網路郵件傳寄方式進行問卷施測,共計發出260份問卷,有效問卷為230份,有效問卷回收率88%。問卷資料經由初步統計分析歸納運算出各變數值,並以敘述性統計、Pearson 相關分析、SEM 驗證關係模式及差異分析,探討各變數間的關係。
經實證研究與統計分析後得到結論如下:
一、人格特質與文化智商之間為顯著正相關,「外向性」人格特質較強者在文化智商程度亦最高,其次是「開放學習性」人格特質者,再其次為「親和性」人格特質者。
二、人格特質與創業精神之間為顯著正相關,「開放學習性」人格特質較強者在創業精神的能力與意願上較高,其次是「外向性」人格特質者,再其次為「親和性」人格特質者。
三、文化智商與創業精神之間為顯著正相關,文化智商程度較高者,其在創業精神的能力亦較佳。
四、人格特質對創業精神有直接顯著正向影響,同時亦具有間接正向的影響關係。即外派人員人格特質,會透過高文化智商中介作用,進而提升個人的創業精神能力。
五、個人屬性(性別、婚姻、年齡、國籍、教育程度、外派原因、所屬公司規模及產業別)與人格特質、文化智商及創業精神有顯著差異。
Abstract
Due to the trend of economic globalization, the new challenge that companies are facing when pursuing growth is the need of internationalization talented persons. To maintain the best competitiveness of organization, the key point lies in looking for the most talented employee. How to choose talented persons multi-nationally and how to train internationalization talented persons is one of the keys for the existence of modern enterprises. The “Expatriate” so called in this study means the one sent by the company to work in the country or area outside homeland. They are likely to be employees with the nationality of their parent company or third country. However, they must be the appropriate and trustworthy middlemen chosen by their parent company. How do enterprises choose such expatriates? What kind of characteristics should successful expatriates have in competence for their tasks? Herein, this study starts from personality and targets on expatriates to probe into the relationship among personality, cultural intelligence and entrepreneurship.

The raw data for further research has 2 parts: pre-survey and formal survey. While Convenience Sampling Method was taken, the researcher picked particular interviewees, delivered the questionnaires, and invited for more interviewees to join. Since the objects are geographically wide-spreaded among the world, the survey forms were distributed through the Internet. 260 copies were sent, and 230 recovered. 88% recovery rate has been obtained. Through the statistics methodology, the variables were defined and calculated. The internal relationships among the variables were explored through tools of descriptive statistics, Pearson analysis, SEM model and Variance analysis.


The conclusions are as following:
1. There is a positive and significant correlation between the personality and Cultural Intelligence. Stronger “Extraversion” personality has highest CQ. Comes the “Openness to Experience,” then the “Agreeableness”.
2. It is obviously positive and significant correlation between personality and entrepreneurship. People with strong “Openness to Experience” attitude bear stronger willness and capability on entrepreneurship. Follows the “Extraversion,” then the “Agreeableness”.
3. CQ is obviously positive and significant correlated to entrepreneurship. People with higher CQ bears better capability on entrepreneurship.
4. The study also discovered that the personality has obvious positive influence on entrepreneurship, directly and indirectly. That is, the personality of dispatched personnel would enhance individual entrepreneurship, via the interaction of higher CQ.
5. Personal attributes (e.g. gender, marital status, age, nationality, education level, reason for dispatch, company scale and industry nature) shall play a significant variant role as personality, CQ and entrepreneurship level.
目次 Table of Contents
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機...............................................................1
第二節 研究目的..........................................................................3
第三節 研究流程..........................................................................4
第四節 論文章節架構...................................................................6
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 外派人員定義...................................................................7
第二節 人格特質........................................................................10
第三節 文化智商........................................................................19
第四節 創業精神........................................................................27
第五節 人格特質與文化智商......................................................33
第六節 人格特質與創業精神......................................................36
第七節 個人及組織屬性與創業精神...........................................40
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構........................................................................41
第二節 研究假設........................................................................42
第三節 研究變項之操作性定義與衡量........................................43
第四節 問卷設計........................................................................46
第五節 抽樣方法........................................................................52
第六節 資料分析方法.................................................................53
第四章 資料分析
第一節 研究構面基本特性資料分析...........................................60
第二節 研究構面因素分析與信度檢定.......................................66
第三節 研究構面之相關性分析..................................................73
第四節 研究構面之SEM分析.......................................................76
第五節 研究變項之差異分析.....................................................83
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結果與討論...................................................................92
第二節 管理意涵.......................................................................98
第三節 研究限制.....................................................................101
第四節 對後續研究者的建議...................................................102
參考文獻
一、英文部份..................................................................................103
二、中文部份..................................................................................108
附錄:英文問卷、中文問卷............................................................111
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