Responsive image
博碩士論文 etd-0222111-165407 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0222111-165407
論文名稱
Title
企業因應不景氣所實行的策略分析-以上市櫃公司為例
The analysis of strategies firms choose under the financial crisis-Evidence form stock exchange and OTC companies
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
50
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2010-06-08
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2011-02-22
關鍵字
Keywords
金融危機、企業因應策略、體制理論、模仿力、規範力、強制力
normative force, mimetic force, institutional theory, responsive strategies, financial tsunami, coercive force
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5889 次,被下載 1373
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5889 times, has been downloaded 1373 times.
中文摘要
西元2008-2009年間,台灣企業面臨了劇烈的金融海嘯,造成失業率提升、國家經濟的蕭條。面對如此大的衝擊,各家企業紛紛做出多樣策略選擇來因應這波金融海嘯所造成的危機。而本研究旨在瞭解在這兩年間,金融海嘯對台灣上市櫃企業所造成的影響,並根據體制理論三個面向,分別是模仿力、規範力及強制力來分析企業選擇策略的背後成因為何。
透過對201家企業進行問卷調查分析,我們發現體制壓力來源的模仿力、規範力是造成企業有多重策略選擇的主因。受到模仿力影響越大的公司,越傾向執行被動的因應策略;受到規範力影響越大的公司,越傾向執行主動的因應策略;而無論強制性影響是否對公司影響,皆不會影響公司的策略選擇。
Abstract
In 2008-2009, firms in Taiwan encountered dramatic financial tsunami, and this crisis made unemployment rate still climbing and economic depression. In order to reduce the impact from financial tsunami, every firm chooses some strategies to resist it. The purpose of our study is to find out the influence from financial tsunami on the listed companies. More importantly, we base on the three mechanisms (mimetic force, normative force and coercive force) of institutional theory to analyze the real reason for choosing strategies.
We collect and analyze 201 returned questionnaires. The finding of this study is that the main factor of choosing strategies is from the mimetic force and normative force. In fact, the enterprise is affected by mimetic pressure deeply, and then it would tend to use the passive strategies. The enterprise is affected by normative pressure deeply, and then it would tend to use the active strategy. Interestingly, whether the enterprise is affected by coercive pressure or not, it doesn’t affect the strategies choosing.
目次 Table of Contents
Mandarin Abstract……………………………i
English Abstract……………………………ii
Contents..…………………………………..iii
List of figures................................................iv
List of tables………………………………..v
Chapter 1 Introduction……………………......1
Chapter 2 Theoretical background……….....4
2.1 The Role of Strategy………………......4
2.2 Institutional Theory………….................5
2.3 Discussion of Institutional Theory……7
Chapter 3 Research framework and methodology……………………….10
3.1 Strategic ResponseArchitecture…………………………….............10
3.2 Hypothesis..........................................................................................19
3.3 Method...............................................................................................24
3.3.1 Data Collection........................................................................24
3.3.2 Variables..................................................................................24
Chapter 4 Results........................................................................................28
4.1 Findings.............................................................................................28
4.2 Discussion..........................................................................................36
Chapter 5 Conclusions................................................................................37
5.1 Contributions......................................................................................37
5.2 Future Directions................................................................................37
5.3 Limitations..........................................................................................38
Bibliography...........................................................................................................39
參考文獻 References
1. Alfred D. Chandler,1962. Strategy and Structure.
2. Anderson R.C. &Reeb D.M.,2003. Founding-family ownership and firm performance: Evidence from the S&P 500. Journal of finance. 58:1301-1327
3. Bantel K.A. & Jackson S.E.,1989. Top management and innovations in banking: does the composition of the top team make a difference? Strategic Management Journal. 10: 107-124.
4. Barry M. Staw & Lisa D. Epstein, 2000.What bandwagons bring: Effects of popular management techniques on corporate performance, reputation, and CEO pay. Administrative science Quarterly,45: 523-556.
5. Begley T.M. & Tan W.L.,2001.The socio-cultural environment for entrepreneurship: A comparison between East Asian and Anglo-Saxon countries. Journal of International Business Studies. 32: 537-553.
6. Campbell J.L.,Hollingsworth J.R., Lindberg L.N., 1991. Economic governance and the analysis of structural change in the American economy. Governance of the American economy.
7. Dacin M.T.,Goodstein J, Scott W.R. ,2002. Institutional theory and institutional change: Introduction to the special research forum. Academy of management journal. 45: 43-56.
8. Davis P.,1983. Realizing the potential of the family business. Organizational Dynamics. 12:47-56.
9. DiMaggio,P.J.,& Powell,W.W.1983. The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American sociological review. 48: 147-160.
10. Dollinger M.J., Golden P.A. and Saxton T., 1997. The effect of reputation on the decision to joint venture. Strategic Management Journal.18: 127-140.
11. DowlingJ.& Pfeffer J.,1975. Organizational legitimacy: Social values and organizational behavior. Pacific Sociological Review. 18:122-135.
12. Etherington,L., & A.J.Richardson, 1994. Institutional Pressures on University Accouting Education in Canada. Comtemporary Accounting Research, 141-161.
13. Francis J. Aguilar, Robert A. Howell, Richard F. Vancil, Lewis B, 1970. Formal planning systems .
14. Goodstein J.D.,1994. Institutional pressures and strategic responsiveness: Employer involvement in work-family issues. Academy of management review. 37:350-382.
15. Hambrick D.C. & Mason P.A.,1984.Upper echelons: The organization as a reflection of its top managers. Academy of management review. 9: 193-206.
16. Herzberg F., Mausner B.,Snyderman B., 1959. The motivation to work. New York: Wiley.
17. Hodge G.A. and Carsten G.,2007. Public-Private Partnerships: An international performance review. Public Administration Review. 67: 545-588.
18. Holderness C.G.&Sheehan D.P.,1988. The role of majority shareholders in publicly held corporations:: An exploratory analysis. Journal of Financial Economics. 20: 317-346.
19. Katz D. & Kahn R., 1978. The social psychology of organization. New York: Wiley.
20. Kotler P, 1986. Principles of Marketing,3rd edition, Prentice-Hall.
21. Kumar K.B.&Rajan R.G.&Zingales L.,2001. What determines firm size? CRSP Working Paper No. 496.
22. Lawrence R. Jauch,William F. Glueck,1988. Business policy and strategic management.
23. Lee CH.,Hsu ML.,Lien NH., 2006.The impacts of benefit plans on employee turnover: a firm-level analysis approach on Taiwanese manufacturing industry . The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 17: 1951-1975.
24. Lipnack J.& Stamps J. 1993, "One plus one equals three", Small Business Reports. 18: 49 - 58.
25. Mark C. Suchman, 1995.Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of management review, 20:571-610.
26. Mark Granovetter,1995. Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91:481-510.
27. Mascarenhas B.&Aaker D.A.,1989. Mobility Barriers and Strategic Groups. Strategic Management Journal. 10:475-485.
28. Mason A. Carpenter, 2002. The implications of strategy and social context for the relationship between top management team heterogeneity and firm performance.Strategic Management Journal. 23: 275-284.
29. Meyer, MW. 1979. Organizational structure as signaling. Pacific Sociological Review. 22: 481-500.
30. Meyer,J.W.,& Rowan,B. 1983. Organizational environments: Ritual and rationality:71-97. Beverly Hills,CA: Sage.
31. Meyer,J.W.,&Rowan,B., 1977. Institutionalized organizations: Formal structure as myth and ceremony. American Journal of Sociology. 83: 340-363.



32. Michael E.Porter,1996. What is strategy? Harvard business review. 6: 62-78
33. Milliken F.J., 1987.Three types of perceived uncertainty about the environment: State, effect, and response uncertainty. Academy of management review. 12:133-143.
34. Oliver C, 1991.Strategy Responses to Institutional Process.Academy of management review, 16: 145-179.
35. Paul J. DiMaggio&Walter.W Powell,1983. The iron cage revisited: Institutional isomorphism and collective rationality in organizational fields. American sociological review.48:147-160.
36. Pfeffer,J. & Salancik,G.R. 1978. The external control of organizations. New York: Harper& Row.
37. Powell, W.W.,1991.Expanding the scope of institutional analysis.The new institutionalism in organizational analysis: 183-204.
38. Richardson, A.J., & J.Joshi, 1993.Legitimacy and efficiency: Conceptual Models and Empirical Methods. Paper presented at American Sociological Association Conference, Miami.
39. Robert B. Duncan,1972. Characteristics of organizational environments and perceived environmental uncertainty. Administrative science quarterly: 313-327.
40. Scott,W.R. 1987.The adolescence of institutional theory. Administrative science quarterly: 32: 493-511.
41. Scott,W.R. 1998. Organizations: Rational, natural, and open systems.
42. Simon H.A., 1960. The new science of management decision. New York Harper& Row.

43. Thompson, James,1967. Organizations in action. New York: McGraw-Hill.
44. Thronton, D.B., 1979. Information and institutions in the capital market. Accounting, Organizations and Society. 4: 211-233.
45. Weber M, 1952. The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. Scribner.
46. Wiersema M.F. & Bantel K.A., 1992. Top management team demography and corporate strategic change. Academy of Management Journal. 35: 91-121.
47. Williams K.Y., & O’Reilly C.A., 1998. Demography and diversity in organizations: A review of 40 years of research. Research in Organizational Behavior. 20: 77-140.
電子全文 Fulltext
本電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。
論文使用權限 Thesis access permission:校內立即公開,校外一年後公開 off campus withheld
開放時間 Available:
校內 Campus: 已公開 available
校外 Off-campus: 已公開 available


紙本論文 Printed copies
紙本論文的公開資訊在102學年度以後相對較為完整。如果需要查詢101學年度以前的紙本論文公開資訊,請聯繫圖資處紙本論文服務櫃台。如有不便之處敬請見諒。
開放時間 available 已公開 available

QR Code