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博碩士論文 etd-0404116-152228 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0404116-152228
論文名稱
Title
領導者與部屬關係的發展過程:整合轉化型領導與部屬績效的分析模型
The development process of leader-member exchange: An integrating model with transformational leadership and members’ performance
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
68
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2016-04-25
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2016-05-04
關鍵字
Keywords
領導者與部屬的關係、轉化型領導、角色內績效、組織公民行為、潛在成長模型
latent growth modeling, organizational citizenship behavior, leader-member exchange, in-role performance, transformational leadership
統計
Statistics
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The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5940 times, has been downloaded 479 times.
中文摘要
不同於過去學者認為領導者與部屬的關係的發展過程是穩定的,本研究認為此過程會隨時間而不斷改變。此外,本研究採用角色形成過程和領導形成過程來解釋為何轉化型領導對於領導者與部屬的關係的發展過程的影響力會隨著時間逐漸減弱。本研究也同時提出為何領導者與部屬的關係的發展過程會影響到組織成員的組織公民行為,但不會影響到他們角色內的績效表現。本研究樣本來自於40個工作小組,共248名員工。潛在成長模型的分析研究結果顯示,領導者與部屬的關係的發展過程會隨著時間不斷改變,而轉化型領導對於這個過程的影響力也會隨時間而遞減。此外,研究結果也指出領導者與部屬的關係會提升員工的角色內的績效和組織公民行為,但是領導者與部屬之關係的發展過程只會提升員工的組織公民行為,不會影響到員工的角色內績效。最後,本研究將討論研究發現,並提出理論貢獻,管理意涵,以及研究限制與建議。
Abstract
The present study proposed that the development process of leader-member exchange (LMX) is not stable but changes over time. In addition, we used role-making process and leadership-making process to explain the decrease over time in the influence of transformational leadership on the development process of LMX. We also proposed why the development process of LMX influences members’ organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) but not in-role performance. Hypotheses were tested using a sample of 248 members from 40 teams. The results of latent growth modeling showed that the development process of LMX changed over time, and that the influence of transformational leadership on this process decreased. Moreover, the results also showed that the initial status (intercept) of LMX had positive effect on in-role performance and OCB, but the development process of LMX (slope) had positive effect only on OCB. Strengths, limitations, practical implications, and directions for future research were also discussed in the study.
目次 Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (Chinese).…………….………………………………… i
ABSTRACT (Chinese)…….…………………………………………………………. ii
ABSTRACT (English)…………………………………………….……………….... iii
TABLE OF CONENTS……………………………………………………………… iv
LIST OF FIGURES………………………………………………………………….. vi
LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………………………. vii
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………………… 1
CHAPTER 2. THEORY AND HYPOTHESES……………...……………………... 5
2.1 Leader-Member Exchange Theory………………………………………… 5
2.2 The Development Process of LMX…………………………………………. 9
2.3 Transformational Leadership………………………………………………… 13
2.4 The Development Process of LMX and Transformational Leadership…... 13
2.5 The Consequences of the Development Process of LMX…………………. 16
2.6 The Mediating Role of the Development Process of LMX………………. 17
CHAPTER 3. METHOD……………………………………………………………. 20
3.1 Participants and Sampling Procedure……………………………………… 20
3.2 Measures…………………………………………………………………… 21
3.3 Analysis……………………………………………………………………. 22
3.3.1 Confirmatory Factor Analysis……………………………………… 22
3.3.2 Measurement Invariance Across Time…………………………....... 22
3.3.3 LGM Analysis and Hypotheses Testing……………………………. 24
CHAPTER 4. RESULTS……………………………………………………………. 27
4.1 Descriptive Analysis……………………………………………………….. 27
4.2 Confirmatory Factor Analysis……………………………………………. 27
4.3 Measurement Invariance…………………….……………………………. 28
TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)
4.4 Hypotheses Testing……………………………….………………………. 32
4.4.1 Latent Growth Modeling (LGM) of LMX………………………... 32
4.4.2 Transformational Leadership, the Development Process of LMX, and
outcomes…………………………………………………………… 33
CHAPTER 5. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS.…………….……………… 36
5.1 Theoretical Implications………………………………………………….. 36
5.2 Practical Implications…………………………………………………….. 40
5.3 Strengths, Limitations, and Future Research……………………………... 41
5.4 Conclusion………………………………………………………………... 42
REFERENCES..…………………………………………………………………… 43
APPENDIX 1. TIME 1 MEMBER QUESTIONNARIE………………………….. 54
APPENDIX 2. TIME 2 MEMBER QUESTIONNARIE………………………….. 56
APPENDIX 3. TIME 3 LEADER AND MEMBER QUESTIONNARIES......…… 57
1. Leader Questionnaire………………………………………………………. 57
2. Member Questionnaire…………………………………………………….. 59
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