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博碩士論文 etd-0523104-232339 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0523104-232339
論文名稱
Title
人力資本、知識工作者管理對創新績效影響之相關性研究-以生物技術產業為例
A study on the effects of the human capital, knowledge worker management and innovation performance: A case study on Biotechnology Industry.
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
109
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2004-04-29
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2004-05-23
關鍵字
Keywords
生物技術產業、知識工作者管理、創新績效、人力資本
human capital, knowledge worker management, Biotechnology industry., innovation performance
統計
Statistics
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The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5795 times, has been downloaded 4917 times.
中文摘要
在知識經濟時代,人力資本是企業賴以生存及維持競爭力的重要資產,也是企業持續創新的動力來源。如何激勵企業知識工作者的工作意願,更是使公司人力資本發揮的重要工作。本研究以生物技術產業為研究對象,探討此知識密集之尖端技術產業人力資本之表現,透過知識工作者的管理對創新績效之影響。
本研究經過實證資料的蒐集與統計分析,得到以下之發現:
一、人力資本構面包括:高階主管的願景領導力、員工的創業精 神、人力資本投資與開發及卓越雇用等四個構面。
二、知識工作者管理構面包括:知識領導力、具挑戰的工作型態、 員工培育計畫、有機式的工作設計、合理的績效評估及促進知識交流等六個構面。
三、創新績效構面包括:產品創新及製程創新等二個構面。
四、人力資本對創新績效之影響
(一)高階主管的願景領導力與人力資本投資與開發對產品創新均具有顯著的正向影響力,而且人力資本投資與開發較高階主管的願景領導力的影響力大。
(二)員工的創業精神對產品創新具有顯著的負向影響力。而卓越雇用則不具顯著影響力。
(三)高階主管的願景領導力與人力資本投資與開發對製程創新均具有顯著的正向影響力,而且人力資本投資與開發較高階主管的願景領導力的影響力大。
(四)員工的創業精神與卓越雇用對製程創新均不具顯著的影響力。
五、人力資本與知識工作者管理之交互作用對創新績效之干擾效果
(一)卓越雇用與知識領導力、具挑戰的工作型態、合理的績效評估之交互作用對產品創新有顯著的正向影響。
(二)高階主管的願景領導力與有機式的工作設計的交互作用對產品創新有顯著的負向影響。
(三)人力資本投資與開發與有機式的工作設計的交互作用對產品創新有顯著的正向影響。
(四)卓越雇用與員工培育計畫的交互作用對製程創新有顯著的正向影響。
(五)人力資本投資與開發與合理的績效評估的交互作用對製程創新有顯著的負向影響。
(六)高階主管的願景領導力與促進知識交流的交互作用對製程創新有顯著的正向影響。
(七)員工的創業精神與促進知識交流的交互作用對製程創新有顯著的負向影響。
Abstract
In the era of knowledge economy, human capital is the important capital which enterprise can rely on and maintain the competitiveness, and also the source of power for continuous innovation. To stimulate the working intention of knowledge worker is one of the important tasks for an enterprise to elaborate their human capital. This paper investigates the Biotechnology industry in order to understand that how the presentation of human capital in this knowledge intensive industry affects the innovation performance through the knowledge worker management.
By the empirical data and statistic analysis in this paper, the findings are as below:
I.The aspects of human capital are: the executives’ direction ability of vision supervisors, the
entrepreneurship of employees, the investment and exploitation in human capital, and excellent hire.
II.The aspects of knowledge worker management are: the leadership of knowledge, the working styles with challenge, the plan of employees’ development, organic designs of work, reasonable evaluation of performance, and the promotion of knowledge exchange.
III.The aspects of innovation performance are: innovation of product and innovation of manufacture.
IV.The influences of human capital on innovation performance.
1.The executives’ direction ability of vision supervisors and the investment and exploitation of human capital both have significant positive effects on the innovation of products. Among which the investment and exploitation of human capital effects more than the executives’ direction ability of vision supervisors does.
2.The entrepreneurship of employees has a significant negative effect on the innovation of products; the excellent hire has no significant effect.
3.The executives’ direction ability of vision supervisors and the investment and exploitation of human capital both have significant positive effects on the innovation of manufacture. Among which the investment and exploitation of human capital effects more than the executives’ direction ability of vision supervisors does.
4.The entrepreneurship of employees and excellent hire has no significant effect on the innovation of manufacture.
V.The moderating effects on innovation performance from the interaction of human capital and knowledge worker management.
1.The interactions of excellent hire and leadership of knowledge, the working styles with challenge, and reasonable evaluation of performance have significant positive effect on innovation of products.
2.The interaction of the executives’ direction ability of vision supervisors and organic designs of work has significant negative effect on innovation of products.
3.The interaction of the investment and exploitation of human capital and organic designs of work has significant positive effect on innovation of products.
4.The interaction of excellent hire and the plane of employees’ development has significant positive effect on innovation of manufacture.
5.The interaction of the investment and exploitation of human capital and reasonable evaluation of performance has significant negative effect on innovation of manufacture.
6.The interaction of the executives’ direction ability of vision supervisors and the promotion of knowledge exchange has significant positive effect on innovation of manufacture.
7.The interaction of the entrepreneurship of employees and the promotion of knowledge exchange has significant negative effect on innovation of manufacture.
目次 Table of Contents
目錄
圖目錄 .............................................Ⅶ
表目錄 .............................................Ⅷ
第一章 緒論.......................................... 1
第一節 研究動機...................................... 1
第二節 研究目的與觀念性架構.......................... 3
第三節 研究流程...................................... 4
第二章 文獻探討...................................... 5
第一節 人力資本...................................... 5
第二節 知識工作者管理................................ 15
第三節 創新績效...................................... 28
第三章 研究方法...................................... 35
第一節 研究架構與研究假設............................ 35
第二節 研究變項的操作性定義與衡量.................... 37
第三節 抽樣方法與樣本特性分析........................ 43
第四節 問卷信度分析與量表構面重整.................... 47
第五節 資料分析方法.................................. 56
第四章 實證結果與分析................................ 57
第一節 研究變項的描述性統計分析...................... 57
第二節 人力資本、知識工作者管理與創新績效之關係...... 59
第三節 人力資本對創新績效之影響性分析................ 63
第四節 人力資本與知識工作者管理對創新績效之影響...... 65
第五節 驗證假設結果.................................. 87
第五章 結論與建議 .....................................88
第一節 研究結果與建議................................ 88
第二節 研究限制與後續研究建議........................ 93
參考文獻.............................................. 94
一、中文部分.......................................... 94
二、英文部分.......................................... 95
附錄一 訪談紀錄....................................... 98
附錄二 問卷...........................................104
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