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博碩士論文 etd-0530115-234115 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0530115-234115
論文名稱
Title
探討赴日本之自發型外派者海外適應之研究
The Exploration of Taiwanese Self-initiated Expatriates' Cross-cultural Adjustment in Tokyo, Japan
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
95
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2015-06-08
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2015-07-01
關鍵字
Keywords
跨文化適應、國家文化、日本文化、自發型外派者、海外適應、日本
National Culture, Cross-cultural adjustment, Self-initiated expatriates, Japanese culture, Japan
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5819 次,被下載 406
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5819 times, has been downloaded 406 times.
中文摘要
日本近年來為了強化其國家之經濟發展與競爭力,許多大企業相繼開始積極對外延攬國際人才,企圖打造出彈性且國際化的人材市場,而其需求也擴散到台灣。近幾年越來越多的日商公司來台灣徵才的現象,也同時提供並吸引越來越多的台灣人隻身前往日本工作並生活。

本研究之目的在於探討台灣赴日之自發型外派者在日本東京生活期間的海外適應經驗, 其個人在海外適應的適應歷程與可能影響台灣赴日之自發型外派者海外適應的因素。本研究採質性研究方法,選取目前或曾經自發性選擇到海外之工作者,且在日本的工作經驗設定在至少3個月以上為本研究之研究對象。從10位符合其定義的研究參與者之資料分析後發現如下:

發現一:台灣自發型外派者因其日語語言能力皆有在一定水準之上,故其在一般性適應上適應良好。
發現二:日本之建前(表面)和本音(真心)文化與排外民族性,對台灣自發型外派者在互動性適應方面有負向影響。
發現三:日本人曾接觸或受過跨文化經驗或有親台表現者,對台灣自發型外派者在互動性適應方面有正向影響。
發現四:日本國家文化中的不確定性規避、權力距離以及男性氣質文化特質對台灣自發型外派者在工作適應方面有負面影響。
發現五:曾經有台灣日本企業之工作經驗對台灣自發型外派者在海外適應方面有正向影響。
發現六 : 台灣自發型外派者在對日本國家文化有愛好者,其在與當地日本人互動適應方面適應良好。
發現七 : 自發型外派者之個人動機與其相關的海外適應方面有正相關。
Abstract
Japanese companies are starting to rethink the conventional Japanese way of recruiting and trying to implement new tactics instead, due to the pressure of growing globalized environment and the shrinking home market in recent years. Some of the leading companies are actively seeking to recruit new employees from all over the world in order to develop a more flexible and international workplace. Because of this trend and phenomenon, more and more Taiwanese workers have individually decided to live and work in Japan.

The purpose of this research was to better understand the new phenomenon happening between Taiwan and Japan, and the contextual account of factors influencing Taiwanese self-initiated expatriates (SIE) who make their own decision to move and work abroad by interviewing their cross-cultural adjustment experiences. During the course of the qualitative research, the researcher conducted semi-structured interviews with 10 qualified candidates who had at least 3 months working experiences. The research findings are shown below:

1. Because the level of Japanese language proficiency among Taiwanese SIE is well above average, the adjustment in general is “well adjusted”.
2. The culture of “tatemae and honne" and negative attitudes toward foreigners has a negative impact on interaction with Japanese people.
3. Japanese people who have had prior overseas experience or intimate contact with Taiwanese has a positive impact on interaction adjustment.
4. The Japanese national culture of uncertainty avoidance, masculinity and power distance has a negative impact on SIE’s work adjustment.
5. The SIE who had previous Japanese company- related working experiences has a positive impact on cross-cultural adjustment.
6. The SIE who had a regional interest in Japanese culture is well adjusted in interacting with Japanese people.
7. The SIE’s motivation has a positive impact on related cross-cultural adjustment.
目次 Table of Contents
目錄
論文審定書 i
中文摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 v
圖次 vii
表次 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 7
第三節 研究問題 7
第四節 名詞解釋 8
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 海外適應 9
第二節 日本文化相關 12
第三節 自發型外派者 17
第三章 研究方法 21
第一節 研究方法與角色定位 21
第二節 研究架構 25
第三節 研究流程 26
第四節 研究參與者 29
第四章 研究結果與討論 32
第一節 赴日本之自發型外派者之海外適應情形 32
第二節 影響台灣自發型外派者海外適應可能因素 66
第五章 研究結論與建議 75
第一節 研究結論 75
第二節 研究建議 76
中英文參考文獻 81
附錄一 赴日之『海外工作者』訪談大綱 83
附錄二 參與研究受訪者說明與同意書 85
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法務省 入國管理局。 新在留卡管理制度
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