Responsive image
博碩士論文 etd-0620108-130723 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0620108-130723
Business Technology Management Capability and Its Impacts on CIO Role Performance
Year, semester
Number of pages
Iuan-Yuan Lu
Advisory Committee
林信惠, 劉書助, 陳鴻基
Hsin-Hui Lin; Shu-Chu Liu; Houn-Gee Chen
Date of Exam
Date of Submission
Business Technology Management, Role Performance, Activity Competency Model, Chief Information Officer, Competency Development
本論文已被瀏覽 5812 次,被下載 0
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5812 times, has been downloaded 0 times.
Chief Information Officers (CIOs) in contemporary enterprises should not only possess technology specialties, but also cultivate themselves with an in-depth understanding of business and technology management skills/knowledge in order to effectively improve their role performance, enhance sustainable competitive advantages and achieve business strategic goals. Based upon activity competency model and prior theoretical works, this study presents a conceptual model to investigate the capability of business technology management (BTM) required by CIOs and the impacts of that capability on the performance of their roles. Our strategy for identifying CIOs’ critical roles and activities, and the skills/knowledge required by CIOs is anchored within a comprehensive framework of business technology management (BTM) practices. A scale to measure CIOs’ role performance and BTM capability was first developed and validated. Nine hundred and sixty eight high-tech companies of Taiwan and China which have a formal MIS department and global logistic firms were randomly selected from the databases of China Credit Information Service Ltd. and Strait Exchange Foundation as representative samples in this study. The partial least squares method was used to empirically test the conceptual model and hypotheses through the large-scale survey data collected. The empirical results support the proposed hierarchy of BTM capability and confirm that both business technology and business management competencies have positive significant influences on BTM activity effectiveness and BTM capability also significantly impacts CIOs’ role performance. The findings of this study are of particular value to those concerned with BTM capability training and competency development for CIOs. Executive management can take advantage of such BTM capability profiles to assist in making succession-planning decisions and implementing guidelines by evaluating the competency levels and development needs of their IS professionals.
目次 Table of Contents
1.1 Background and Motivation 1
1.2 Research Objectives 5
1.3 Research Questions 7
1.4 Research Design 7
2.1 Activity Competency Model 14
2.2 BTM Capability of CIOs 16
2.2.1 The Hierarchy of BTM Capability 17
2.2.2 Taxonomy of Business Technology and Business Management Competencies 19
2.2.3 Empowerment Theory 20
2.2.4 Business Technology Competency and Its Influence on BTM Activity Effectiveness 22
2.2.5 Business Management Competency and Its Influence on BTM Activity Effectiveness 28
2.3 Impacts of BTM Capability on CIO Role Performance 32
2.3.1 The Dimensions of CIO Roles 32
2.3.2 Theory of Role-Based Performance Measure 36
2.3.3 The Influence of BTM Activity Effectiveness on CIO Role Performance 38
3.1 Measurement Development 43
3.2 Construct Operationalization 45
3.2.1 CIO Role Performance 45
3.2.2 BTM Activity Effectiveness 48
3.2.3 Business Technology and Business Management Competencies 50
3.3 Sampling and Survey Administration 53
3.4 Data Analyses 54
3.4.1 Measurement Validation 54
3.4.2 Test of the Structural Model 56
4.1 Response Rate and Characteristics of Respondents 58
4.2 Measurement Properties 60
4.3 Test of the Structural Model 67
4.4 The Causal Effects among Constructs and Test of Mediation 71
5.1 Discussion of Research Results 76
5.2 Research Contributions and Implications 77
5.3 Limitations and Future Research 80
5.4 Conclusion 83
參考文獻 References
Agarwal, R. and Sambamurthy, V., Principles and Models for Organizing the IT Function, MIS Quarterly Executive 1(1), 2002, pp. 1-16.
Anderson, J. C. and Gerbing, D. W., Structural Equation Modeling in Practice: A Review and Recommended Two-Step Approach, Psychological Bulletin 103(3), 1988, pp. 411-423.
Applegate, L. M. and Elam, J. J., New Information Systems Leaders: A Changing Role in a Changing World, MIS Quarterly 16(4), 1992, pp. 469-490.
Armstrong, C. P. and Sambamurthy, V., Information Technology Assimilation in Firms: The Influence of Senior Leadership and IT Infrastructures. Information Systems Research 10(4), 1999, pp. 304-327.
Bandura, A., Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control, Freeman: NY, 1997.
Barclay, D. W., Higgins, C. A., and Thompson, R. L., The Partial Least Squares (PLS) Approach to Causal Modeling: Personal Computer Adoption and Use as an Illustration, Technology Study 2(2), 1995, pp. 285-309.
Barron, R. and Kenny, D., The Moderator-Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic, and Statistical Considerations, Journal of Personality Social Psychology 51(6), 1986, pp. 1173-1182.
Bashein, B. J. and Markus, M. L., A Credibility Equation for IT Specialists, Sloan Management Review 38 (4), 1997, pp. 35-44.
Bassellier, G. and Benbasat, I., Business Competence of Information Technology Professionals: Conceptual Development and Influence on IT-business Partnerships, MIS Quarterly 28(4), 2004, pp. 673-694.
Bharadwaj, A. S., A Resource-Based Perspective on Information Technology Capability and Firm Performance: An Empirical Investigation, MIS Quarterly 24(1), 2000, pp. 169-196.
Boudreau, M., Gefen, D., and Straub, D. W., Validation in Information Systems Research: A State-of-the-art Assessment, MIS Quarterly 25(1), 2001, pp. 1-16.
Bowen, D. E. and Lawler, E. E., The Empowerment of Service Workers: What, Why, How, and When, Sloan Management Review 33(3), 1992, pp. 31-39.
Broadbent, M. and Kitzis, E. S., The New CIO Leader Setting the Agenda and Delivering Results, Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2005.
Broadbent, M. and Weill, P., Management by Maxim: How Business and IT Managers can Create IT Infrastructures, Sloan Management Review 38(3), 1997, pp. 77–92.
Broadbent, M., Weill, P., and St. Clair, D., The Implications of Information Technology Infrastructure for Business Process Redesign, MIS Quarterly 23(2), 1999, pp. 159-182.
Broadbent, M. and Weill, P., Management By Maxim: How Business and IT Managers Can Create IT Infrastructures. Sloan Management Review 38(3), 1997, pp. 77–92.
Brown, C. V. and Sambamurthy, V., Repositioning the IT Organization to Enable Business Transformation, Pinnaflex Educational Resources, Cincinnati, OH, 1999.
Burke, D. E. and Menachemi, N., Opening the Black Box: Measuring Hospital Information Technology Capability, Health Care Management Review 29(3), 2004, pp. 207-217.
Burke, P. J., Identity Process and Social Stress, American Sociological Review 56(6), 1991, pp. 836-849.
Byrnes, J., New CIO Role: Change Warrior, Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Review, Special Report: Networking Knowledge, June 13, 2005.
Chatterjee, D., Richardson, V. J., and Zmud, R. W., Examining the Shareholder Wealth Effects of Announcements of Newly Created CIO Positions, MIS Quarterly 25(1), 2001, pp. 43-70.
Chen, D. Q. and Preston, D. S., Understanding CIO Role Effectiveness: The Antecedents and Consequents, Proceedings of the 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2007, pp. 237-245.
Chin, W. W., Issues and Opinions on Structural Equation Modeling, MIS Quarterly 21(1), 1998, pp. vii-xvi.
Chin, W. W. and Gopal, A., Adoption Intention in GSS: Relative Importance of Beliefs, The Data Base for Advances in Information Systems 26(2&3), 1995, pp. 42-63.
Chin, W. W., Marcolin, B. L., and Newsted, P. R., A Partial Least Squares Latent Variable Modeling Approach for Measuring Interaction Effects: Results from a Monte Carlo Simulation Study and an Electronic Mail Emotion/Adoption Study, Information Systems Research 14(2), 2003, pp. 189-217.
Churchill, G. A., A Paradigm for Developing Better Measures of Marketing Constructs, Journal of Marketing Research 16(1), 1979, pp. 64-73.
Cohen, J., Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.), Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1988.
Conger, A. J. and Kanungo, R. N., The Empowerment Process: Integrating Theory and Practice, Academy of Management Review 13(3), 1988, pp. 471-482.
Curley, M., Managing Information Technology for Business Value: Practical Strategies for IT and Business Managers, Intel press, 2005.
Earl, M. J. and Feeny, D. F., Is your CIO Adding Value? Sloan Management Review 35(3), 1994, pp. 11-20.
Falk, R. F. and Miller, N. B., A Primer for Soft Modeling (1st edition), The University of Akron Press, Akron, Ohio, 1992.
Feeny, D. F. and Willcocks, L. P., Core IS Capabilities for Exploiting Information Technology, Sloan Management Review 39(3), 1998, pp. 9-21.
Ferratt, T. W., Agarwal, R., Brown, C. V., and Moore, J. E., IT Human Resource Management Configurations and IT Turnover: Theoretical Synthesis and Empirical Analysis, Information Systems Research 16(3), 2005, pp. 237-255.
Fichman, R. G., The Role of Aggregation in the Measurement of IT-Related Organizational Innovation, MIS Quarterly 25(4), 2001, pp. 427-455.
Fichman, R. G., The Diffusion and Assimilation of Information Technology Innovations. Zmud, R. W., eds. Framing the Domains of IT Management Research: Glimpsing the Future Through the Past. Pinnaflex Educational Resources, Inc., Cincinnati, OH, 2000.
Fornell, C. and Bookstein, F. L., Two Structural Equation Models: LISREL and PLS Applied to Consumer Exit-Voice Theory, Journal of Marketing Research 19(4), 1982, pp. 440-452.
Fornell, C. and Larcker, D., Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error: Algebra and Statistics. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(3), 1981, pp. 382-388.
Foster-Fishman, P. G., Salem, D. A., Chibnall, S., Legler, R., and Yapchai, C., Empirical Support for the Critical Assumptions of Empowerment Theory, American Journal of Community Psychology 26 (4), 1998, pp. 507-536.
Garman, A. N., Burkhart, T., and Strong, J., Business Knowledge and Skills, Journal of Healthcare Management, 51 (2), 2006, pp. 81-85.
Garman, A. N. and Johnson, M. P., Leadership Competencies: An Introduction, Journal of Healthcare Management 51(1), 2006, pp. 13-17.
Gefen, D. Unidimensional validity: An Explanation and Example, Communications Association Information Systems 12(2), 2003, pp. 23-47.
Gefen, D. and Straub D., A Practical Guide to Factorial Validity Using PLS-Graph: Tutorial and Annotated Example. Communications Association Information Systems 16 (1), 2005, pp. 91-109.
Gefen, D., Straub, D. W., and Boudreau, M. C., Structural Equation Modeling and Regression: Guidelines for Research Practice. Communications of the Association for Information Systems 4(7), 2000, pp. 2-77.
Gerbing, D. W. and Anderson, J. C. An Updated Paradigm for Scale Development Incorporating Unidimensionality and Its Assessment. Journal of Marketing Research 25(2), 1988, pp. 186-192.
Gist, M. E. and Mitchell, T. R., Self-efficacy: A Theoretical Analysis of Its Determinants and Malleability, Academy of Management Review 2(2), 1992, pp. 183-211.
Goleman, D., What Makes a Leader, Harvard Business Review 76(6), 1998, pp. 93-102.
Gorgone, J. T., Davis, G. B., Valacich J. S, Topi, H., Feinstein, D. L., and Longenecker Jr., H. E., IS 2002: Model Curriculum for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Information Systems, ACM, 2002, /documents/is2002.pdf.
Grover, V., Jeong, S.-R., Kettinger, W. J., and Lee, C., The Chief Information Officer: A Study of Managerial Roles, Journal of Management Information Systems 10(2), 1993, pp. 107-130.
Guo, K. L., An Assessment Tool for Developing Healthcare Managerial Skills and Roles, Journal of Healthcare Management 48(6), 2003, pp. 367-376.
Hair, J. F., Anderson Jr., R. E., Tatham, R. L., and Black, W. C., Multivariate data analysis with readings, 5th Edition. Englewood Cliff, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998.
Hackman, J. R. and Oldham, G. R., Work Redesign (Reading, MA), 1980.
Hersher, B., The Essential Skills for the Chief Medical Information Officer, Journal of Healthcare Information Management 17 (1), 2003, pp. 10-11.
Hoque, F., Sambamurthy, V., Zmud, R., Trainer, T., and Wilson, C., Winning the 3-Legged Race: When Business and Technology Run Together, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2006.
Hulland, J., Use of Partial Least Squares (PLS) in Strategic Management Research: A Review of Four Recent Studies. Strategic Management Journal, 20(2), 1999, 195-204.
Karahanna, E. and Watson, R. T., Information Systems Leadership, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management 53(2), 2006, pp. 171-176.
Karimi, J., Gupta, Y. P., and Somers, T. M., The Congruence between a Firm’s Competitive Strategy and Information Technology Leader’s Rank and Role, Journal of Management Information Systems 13(1), 1996, pp. 63-88.
Karlsen, J., Gottschalk, P., and Andersen, E., Information Technology Management Roles: A Comparison of IT Executives and IT Project Managers, Proceedings of the 35th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Hawaii, 2002.
Keen, P. G. W., Every Manager’s Guide to Information Technology, Harvard Business School Press, MA: Boston, 1995.
Kerlinger, F. N. and Lee, H. B., Foundations of Behavioral Research, 4th ed., Fort Worth, TX, 2000.
Lederer, A. L., Mirchandani, D. A., and Sims, K., The Search for Strategic Advantage from the World Wide Web, International Journal of Electronic Commerce 5(4), 2001, pp. 117-133.
Lee, D. M. S., Trauth, E. M., and Farwell, D., Critical Skills and Knowledge Requirements of IS Professionals: A Joint Academic/ industry Investigation, MIS Quarterly 19(3), 1995, pp. 313-340.
Lee, S., Koh S., Yen, D., and Tang, H. L., Perception Gaps between IS Academics and IS Practitioners: an exploratory study, Information & Management 40(1), 2002, pp. 51-61.
Liden, R. C. and Arad, S., A Power Perspective of Empowerment and Work Groups: Implications for Human Resources Management Research, Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management 14(3), 1996, pp. 205–251.
Liden, R. C., Wayne, S. J., and Sparrowe, R. T., An Examination of the Mediating Role of Psychological Empowerment on the Relations between the Job, Interpersonal Relationships, and Work Outcomes, Journal of Applied Psychology 85 (3), 2000, pp. 407–416.
Lewis, B. R. and Byrd T. A., Development of a Measure for the Information Technology Infrastructure Construct, European Journal of Information Systems, 12(2), 2003, pp. 93-109.
Löhmoeller, J. B., The PLS Program System: Latent Variables Path Analysis with Partial Least Squares Estimation, Multivariate Behavioral Research 23(1), 1989, pp. 125-127.
Longest, Jr., B. B., Managerial Competence at Senior Levels of Integrated, Journal of Healthcare Management 43(2), 1998, pp. 115-133.
Major, L. F. and Turner, M.G., Assessing the Information Management Requirements for Behavioral Health Providers, Journal of Healthcare Management 48(5), 2003, pp. 323-333.
McCall, M. W. and Segrist, C. A., In Pursuit of the Managers’ Jobs: Building on Mintzberg, Technical Report No.14, Center for Creative Leadership, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, 1980.
Mintzberg, H., A Comprehensive Description of Managerial Work: The Nature of Managerial Work , Harper & Row, New York, 1980.
Mirani, R. and Lederer, A. L., An Instrument for Assessing the Organizational Benefits of IS Projects, Decision Sciences 29(4), 1998, pp. 803-838.
Nunnally, J. C. and Bernstein, I. H., Psychometric Theory. McGraw-Hall., New York, 1994.
Rai, A., Patnayakuni, R., and Seth, N., Firm Performance Impacts of Digitally-enabled Supply Chain Integration Capabilities, MIS Quarterly 30(2), 2006, pp. 225-246.
Ranganathan, C. and Sethi, V., Rationality in Strategic Information Technology Decisions: the Impact of Shared Domain Knowledge and IT Unit Structure, Decision Sciences 33(1), 2002, pp. 59–86.
Rau, K., The CIO Cashboard Performance Management Program: Measuring and Managing the Value of IT, Information Strategy 20(2), 2004, pp. 6-17.
Ravichandran, T. and Rai, A., Quality Management in Systems Development: An Organizational System Perspective, MIS Quarterly 24(3), 2000, pp. 381-415.
Reich, B. H. and Benbasat, I., Factors that Influence the Social Dimension of Alignment between Business and Information Technology Objectives, MIS Quarterly 24(1), 2000, pp. 81-111.
Robbins, C. J., Bradley, E. H., and Spicer, M., Developing Leadership in Healthcare Administration: A Competency Assessment Tool, Journal of Healthcare Management 46(3), 2001, pp. 188-199.
Rockart, J. F., Earl, M. J., and Ross, J. W., Eight Imperatives for the New IT Organization, Sloan Management Review 38(1), 1996, pp. 43-55.
Rose, G. C., The Role of Principal Empowerment within a Site-based Management Environment: Empirical Testing of a Structural Model, Journal of Education Change 8(3), 2007, pp. 207-233.
Ross, J. W., Strategic IT architecture competency, MIS Quarterly Executive 2(1), 2003, pp. 31-43.
Ross, J. W. and Weill P., Six IT Decisions Your IT People Shouldn’t Make, Harvard Business Review (80)11, 2002, pp. 84-92.
Ross, J. and Feeny. D., The Evolving role of the CIO, in Robert Zmud (Ed.) Framing the Domains of IT Management, Pinnaflex Press, 2000.
Sambamurthy, V. and Chin, W., The Effects of Group Attitudes toward Alternative GDSS Designs on the Decision-Making Performance of Computer-Supported Groups. Decision Science Journal 25(2), 1994, pp. 215–241.
Sambamurthy, V., Straub, D., and Watson, W. R., Managing IT in the Digital Era. Dickson G. W. and DeSanctis, G., eds. Information Technology and the Future Enterprise: New Models for Managers. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 2000.
Sambamurthy, V., Bharadwaj, A., and Grover, V., Shaping Agility through Digital Options: Reconceptualizing the Role of IT in Contemporary Firms, MIS Quarterly 27(2), 2003, pp. 237–263.
Segars, A. H., Assessing the Unidimensionality of Measurement: A Paradigm and Illustration Within the Context of Information Systems Research, Omega 25(1), 1997, pp. 107-121.
Seibert, S. E., Silver, S. R., and Randolph, W. A., Taking Empowerment to the Next Level: a Multiple-level Model of Empowerment, Performance, and Satisfaction, Academy of Management Journal 47(3), 2004, pp. 332–349.
Sethi, V. and King, W. R., Construct Measurement in Information Systems Research: An Illustration in Strategic Systems, Decision Sciences 22(3), 1991, pp. 455-472.
Shewchuk, R. M., O’Connor, S. J., and Fine, D. J., Building an Understanding of the Competencies Needed for Health Administration Practice, Journal of Healthcare Management 50(1), 2005, pp. 32-47.
Silver, S., Randolph, W. A., Seibert, S., Implementing and Sustaining Empowerment: Lessons Learned from Comparison of a for-Profit and a Nonprofit Organization, Journal of Management Inquiry 15 (1), 2006, pp. 47-58.
Smaltz, D. H., Sambamurthy, V., and Agarwal, R., The Antecedents of CIO Role Effectiveness in Organizations: An Empirical Study in the Healthcare Sector, IEEE Trans. Eng. Manage 53(2), 2006, pp. 207–222.
Sprague, J. and Hayes, J., Self-Determination and Empowerment: A Feminist Standpoint Analysis of Talk about Disability. American Journal of Community Psychology 28(5), 2000, pp. 671-695.
Spreitzer, G. M., Psychological Empowerment in the Workplace: Dimensions, Measurement, and Validation, Academy of Management Journal 38(5), 1995, pp. 1442–1465.
Spreitzer, G. M., Social Structural Characteristics of Psychological Empowerment, Academy of Management Journal 39(3), 1996, 483–504.
Stephens, C., Ledbetter, W., Mitra, A., and Ford, F., Executive or Functional Manager? The Nature of the CIO’s Job, MIS Quarterly 16(4), 1992, pp. 449–467.
Straub, D. W., Validating Instruments in MIS Research, MIS Quarterly 13(2), 1989, pp. 147-169.
Straub, D., Marie-Claude, B., and Gefen, D., Validation Guidelines for IS Positivist Research. Communications of the Association for Information Systems 13(24), 2004, pp. 380-427.
Thoits, P. A., On Merging Identity Theory and Stress Research, Social Psychology Quarterly 54(2), 1991, pp. 101-112.
Thoits, P. A., Identity Structures and Psychological Well-being: Gender and Marital Status Comparisons, Social Psychology Quarterly 55(3), 1992, pp. 236-256.
Thomas, K. W. and Velthouse, B. A., Cognitive Elements of Empowerment: An ‘‘Interpretive’’ Model of Intrinsic Task Motivation, Academy of Management Review 15(4), 1990, pp. 666–681.
Wallick, W. G., Healthcare Managers’ Roles, Competencies, and Outputs in Organizational Performance Improvement, Journal of Healthcare Management 47(6), 2002, pp. 390-402.
Wang, C., Technovision II: Every Executives Guide to Understanding and Mastering Technology and the Internet. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.
Weill, P., Don’t Just Lead, Govern: How Top-Performing Firms Govern IT. MIS Quarterly Executive 3(1), 2004, pp. 1-17.
Weill, P. and Ross, J. W., IT Governance: How Top Performers Manage IT Decision Rights for Superior Results. Watertown, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 2004.
Weill, P. and Ross, J. W., A Matrixed Approach to Designing IT Governance. Sloan Management Review 46(1), 2005, pp. 26-34.
Weill, P. and Vitale, M., What IT Infrastructure Capabilities Are Needed to Implement E-Business Models? MIS Quarterly Executive 1(1), 2002, pp. 17–34.
Weill, P., Subramani, M., and Broadbent, M., IT Infrastructure for Strategic Agility, MIT Sloan, Center for information systems research (CISR). Working paper #326, 2002.
Welbourne, T., Johnson, D., and Erez, A., The Role-based Performance Scale: Validity Analysis of a Theory-based Measure, Academy of Management Journal 41(5), 1998, pp. 540–555.
Westerman, G. and Weill, P., What are the Key Capabilities of Effective CIOs? Sloan Management Review 4 (1), 2004, pp. 1-4.
Wheeler, B. C., NEBIC: A Dynamic Capabilities Theory for Assessing Net-enablement, Information Systems Research 13(2), 2002, pp. 125-146.
Willcocks, L. P. and Feeny, D., IT Outsourcing and Core IS Capabilities: Challenges and Lessons at Dupont, Information Systems Management 23(1), 2006, pp. 49-56.
Willcocks, L., Feeny, D., and Olson, N., Implementing Core IS Capabilities: Feeny-Willcocks IT Governance and Management Framework Revisited, European Management Journal 24(1), 2006, pp. 28–37.
Wu, J. H., Chen, Y. C., and Lin, H. H., Developing a Set of Management Needs for IS Managers: A Study of Necessary Management Activities and Skills, Information & Management 41(4), 2004, pp. 413-429.
Wu, J. H., Chen, Y. C., and Chang, J., Critical IS Professional Activities and Skills/Knowledge: A Perspective of IS Managers, Computers in Human Behavior 23(6), 2007, pp. 2945-2965.
Yen D. C., Chen, H. G., Sooun, L., and Koh, S., IS Knowledge/Skills Perception between Academia and Industry: A Taiwan analysis, International Journal of Information Management 23(6), 2002, pp. 507-522.
Zimmerman, M. A., Psychological Empowerment: Issues and Illustrations, American Journal of Community Psychology 23(5), 1995, pp. 581–599.
電子全文 Fulltext
論文使用權限 Thesis access permission:校內校外均不公開 not available
開放時間 Available:
校內 Campus:永不公開 not available
校外 Off-campus:永不公開 not available

您的 IP(校外) 位址是
論文開放下載的時間是 校外不公開

Your IP address is
This thesis will be available to you on Indicate off-campus access is not available.

紙本論文 Printed copies
開放時間 available 立即公開

QR Code