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博碩士論文 etd-0628116-172713 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0628116-172713
論文名稱
Title
我的未來是錢還是夢?工作屬性與時間距離對求職意願之影響:未來時間觀的調節效果
Money or Dream in my Future? The Effect of Job Attributes and Temporal Distance on Job Pursuit Intention: The Moderating Role of Future Time Perspective
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
60
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2016-07-26
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2016-07-28
關鍵字
Keywords
求職意願、招募、未來時間觀、時間距離、解釋水平理論、工作選擇
job pursuit intention, job choice, recruitment, future time perspective, temporal distance, level of construal, construal level theory
統計
Statistics
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The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5872 times, has been downloaded 575 times.
中文摘要
本研究以解釋水平理論 (construal level theory) 觀點切入,探討在不同的時間距離下,主、客觀的工作屬性對求職者工作選擇的影響是否有所改變,並探討求職者的未來時間觀是否對此影響具調節效果。過去研究顯示,抽象的訊息在時間距離遠的情況下效果較強,而具體的訊息在時間距離近的情況下較有效果;且對具未來時間觀較高的人來說,時間距離與工作屬性的交互作用比起未來時間觀較低的人更為明顯。因此,本研究假設一認為主觀工作屬性在遠程未來對求職者的影響較大,而客觀工作屬性在近程未來的影響較大;假設二則認為時間距離與工作屬性在求職意願上的適配效果,對於未來時間觀較高的求職者的影響,會比未來時間觀較低的求職者更為強烈。實驗採2 (正向客觀+負向主觀工作屬性vs. 正向主觀+負向客觀工作屬性) × 2 (近期未來 vs. 遠期未來) 多因子實驗設計,將受試者隨機分配至各情境,測量其未來時間觀程度,以及其求職意願、工作與組織吸引力、接受聘僱意願。結果顯示時間距離與工作屬性對求職者的求職意願、工作與組織吸引力具交互作用,但此交互作用效果與研究假設一相反,客觀工作屬性在遠程未來的影響較大,而主觀工作屬性在近程未來影響較大;另一方面,對於未來時間觀較高的求職者來說,時間距離與工作屬性的交互作用效果,比起未來時間觀較低的求職者更為強烈,與本研究假設二相符。
Abstract
While the construal level theory (CLT) has been widely discussed in the consumer behavior domain, this study is aimed to extend the CLT to the recruitment research, in wish to realize whether people’s preference and attitudes toward the different job attributes change in different temporal distances. The study also discusses whether future time perspective (FTP) moderates the interaction effect of temporal distance and job attributes. The study applies a 2 (near future vs. distant future) × 2 (positive objective + negative subjective job attributes vs. positive subjective + negative objective job attributes) between-subjects factorial experiment design. The result shows that the objective job attributes have a stronger influence on peoples’ job pursuit intention and job/organization attraction in the distant future rather than in the near future; whereas subjective job attributes have a stronger influence in the near future rather than in the distant future, which are in contrast to the hypothesis 1 of this study. In addition, the study finds out that the interaction effect of temporal distance and job attributes is stronger for the people with higher FTP rather than the people with lower FTP, which is aligned with the hypothesis 2.
目次 Table of Contents
論文審定書 i
致謝辭 ii
摘要 iii
Abstract iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 工作選擇理論 4
第二節 解釋水平理論 7
第三節 解釋水平理論與工作選擇理論 10
第四節 未來時間觀 12
第五節 研究架構圖 14
第三章 研究方法 15
第一節 研究參與者 15
第二節 實驗設計 15
第三節 問卷設計 16
第四章 研究結果 20
第一節 操弄檢定 20
第二節 假設檢定 21
第五章 討論與結論 31
第一節 研究摘述 31
第二節 研究結果討論 32
第三節 學術意涵 34
第四節 管理意涵 35
第五節 研究限制與未來建議 36
參考文獻 38
附錄 44
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