Responsive image
博碩士論文 etd-0628116-193206 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0628116-193206
The Relationship Among Employee Innovativeness, Perceived Organizational Innovative Readiness and Innovative Behavior: The Moderating Effect of Work Experience
Year, semester
Number of pages
Yun-Shi Liu
Advisory Committee
Chin-Kang Jen
Date of Exam
Date of Submission
work experience, innovative behavior, organizational innovative readiness, employee innovativeness, organizational innovation
本論文已被瀏覽 5749 次,被下載 32
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5749 times, has been downloaded 32 times.
近年來,企業對於創新的重視逐漸增加。領導者紛紛倡導創新對於組織的重要性,並積極網羅具有創新意識的人才。組織創新和員工創新行為的相關議題與討論也因此而更加熱烈。過去的研究顯示,成員的創新性格會對其在職場的創新行為有正向的影響。然而,介於這之中的中介機制尚未有充分的討論。本研究認為,具有創新性格的員工對於組織中所進行的創新和改變,會有較正向積極的態度與信心。並願意表現較多的支持和創新行為,進而使組織創新與變革得以有效實施並成功。除此之外,工作經驗的累積對於促進創新準備而言有益或不利,也有待進一步的分析和研究。故本研究以組織創新準備為中介變項,探討員工創新性格和創新行為之間的中介歷程,同時探討工作經驗是否能夠對於創新性格和創新準備的關係產生調節效果。本研究抽樣共298名企業員工,並以多元回歸分析進行假設檢定,研究結果顯示,員工創新性格對其創新行為有正向影響,同時,員工所認知的組織創新準備在前述關係中具有部分中介的效果。除此之外,工作經驗的累積有助於提升員工對組織創新的信心與正向心態,具有正向調節的作用。依據此結果,本研究提出以下管理意涵: 1.企業可發展甄選工具評估員工之創新性格與工作經驗 2.企業在進行創新之前需診斷自身之創新準備度並對不足之處加以改善3.加強對員工之訓練,增進其對組織創新的接受度和執行力。
Nowadays, innovation had become a critical role in organization. The issues concerning organizational innovation and employees’ innovative behavior have therefore become more and more popular. Previous studies have confirmed that organizational members’ innovativeness will have positive impact on their innovative work on the workplace. However, the mediating mechanisms between the relationship are still uncertain. The present study assumes that individual with higher innovativeness will have positive attitude and confident toward organizational innovation. In this case, they are more likely to support and display innovative behavior, and initiate organizational innovation. Moreover, work experience may also have impact on fostering innovative behavior whereby need more research to further clarify it. As a result, we suggest perceived organizational innovative readiness will mediating the relationship among employee innovativeness and innovative behavior. Meanwhile, we test the moderating role of work experience between employee innovativeness and perceived organizational innovative readiness.
In total, we collect data from 298 employees in various industries in Taiwan. The final examination of hierarchical regression analysis showed that employee innovativeness will positive related to innovative behavior; at the same time, perceive organizational innovative readiness will partial mediate the relationship above. What is more, work experience will have positive moderation effect on employee’s perceived organizational innovative readiness. Based on the result, we then provide managerial implications.
目次 Table of Contents
論文審定書 i
誌謝 ii
摘要  iii
Abstract iv
Table of Contents v
List of Tables vi
List of Figures vi
Introduction p.1
1.1 Research Background and Motivation p.1
1.2 Research Objectives p.4
Literature Review p.6
2.1 Employee Innovativeness p.6
2.2 Perceived organizational innovative readiness p.8
2.3 Innovative behavior p.12
2.4 Consequences of employee innovativeness p.14
2.5 Mediating role of perceived organizational innovative readiness p.15
2.6 Moderating role of work experience p.17
Research Method p.20
3.1 Research Framework p.20
3.2 Hypothesis p.21
3.3 Participants and Procedure p.21
3.4 Measures p.23
3.5 Data Analysis p.26
Results p.28
4.1 Descriptive Statistics p.28
4.2 Hypothesis Testing p.30
4.3 Results of Hypothesis p.36
Discussion p.37
5.1 Theoretical Contributions p.37
5.2 Managerial Implication p.38
5.3 Limitation and Future Research p.41
Reference p.44
Appendix: Questionnaire p.51
參考文獻 References
Aiken, L. S., West, S. G., & Reno, R. R. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Sage.
Alpkan, L., Bulut, C., Gunday, G., Ulusoy, G., & Kilic, K. (2010). Organizational support for intrapreneurship and its interaction with human capital to enhance innovative performance. Management decision, 48(5), 732-755.
Armenakis, A. A., Harris, S. G., & Mossholder, K. W. (1993). Creating readiness for organizational change. Human relations, 46(6), 681-703.
Amabile, T. M., & Gryskiewicz, S. S. (1987). Creativity in the R&D laboratory. Center for Creative Leadership.
Amabile, T. M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations.Research in organizational behavior, 10(1), 123-167.
Amabile, T. M. (1996). Creativity in context: Update to" the social psychology of creativity.” Westview press.
Amabile, T. M., Conti, R., Coon, H., Lazenby, J., & Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of management journal, 39(5), 1154-1184.
Amabile, T. M. (1997). Motivating creativity in organizations: On doing what you love and loving what you do. California management review, 40(1), 39-58.
Anderson, N., De Dreu, C. K., & Nijstad, B. A. (2004). The routinization of innovation research: A constructively critical review of the state‐of‐the‐science. Journal of organizational Behavior, 25(2), 147-173.
Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of personality and social psychology,51(6), 1173.
Basadur, M. (2004). Leading others to think innovatively together: Creative leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(1), 103-121.
Bentler, P. M., & Yuan, K. H. (1999). Structural equation modeling with small samples: Test statistics. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 34(2), 181-197.
Bharadwaj, S., & Menon, A. (2000). Making innovation happen in organizations: individual creativity mechanisms, organizational creativity mechanisms or both?. Journal of product innovation management, 17(6), 424-434.

Carmeli, A., Meitar, R., & Weisberg, J. (2007). Self-leadership skills and innovative behavior at work.
Cassell, C., Nadin, S., Gray, M., & Clegg, C. (2002). Exploring human resource management practices in small and medium sized enterprises.Personnel Review, 31(6), 671-692.
Chen, I. H., Yun-Ping Lee, A., Parboteeah, K. P., Lai, C. S., & Chung, A. (2014). The effects of physicians’ personal characteristics on innovation readiness in Taiwan’s hospitals. Innovation, 16(1), 158-169.
Collins, M. A., & Amabile, T. M. (1999). Motivation and Creativity. In R. J. Stemberg (Ed.), The handbook of creativity (pp. 297–312). New York: Cambridge University Press
De Jong, J. P., & Den Hartog, D. N. (2007). How leaders influence employees' innovative behaviour. European Journal of innovation management, 10(1), 41-64.
De Jong, J., & Den Hartog, D. (2010). Measuring innovative work behaviour.Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(1), 23-36.
Dobni, C. B. (2010). The relationship between an innovation orientation and competitive strategy. International Journal of Innovation Management,14(02), 331-357.
Farr, J. L., & Ford, C. M. (1990). Individual innovation.
Ford, J. D., Ford, L. W., & D'Amelio, A. (2008). Resistance to change: The rest of the story. Academy of management Review, 33(2), 362-377.
Fredrickson, B. L., & Branigan, C. (2005). Positive emotions broaden the scope of attention and thought‐action repertoires. Cognition & emotion,19(3), 313-332.
Fugate, M., Kinicki, A. J., & Ashforth, B. E. (2004). Employability: A psycho-social construct, its dimensions, and applications. Journal of Vocational behavior, 65(1), 14-38.
George, J. M., & Jones, G. R. (2001). Towards a process model of individual change in organizations. Human relations, 54(4), 419-444.
Gioia, D. A., Corley, K. G., & Hamilton, A. L. (2013). Seeking qualitative rigor in inductive research notes on the Gioia methodology. Organizational Research Methods, 16(1), 15-31.
Goldsmith, R. E., & Hofacker, C. F. (1991). Measuring consumer innovativeness. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 19(3), 209-221.
Greenhalgh, T., Robert, G., Macfarlane, F., Bate, P., & Kyriakidou, O. (2004). Diffusion of innovations in service organizations: systematic review and recommendations. Milbank Quarterly, 82(4), 581-629.

Guieford, J. P. (1965). A service quality model and its marketing implications.European Journal of Marketing, 18(1), 36-44.
Gumusluoglu, L., & Ilsev, A. (2009). Transformational leadership, creativity, and organizational innovation. Journal of business research, 62(4), 461-473.
Holt, D. T., Armenakis, A. A., Feild, H. S., & Harris, S. G. (2007). Readiness for organizational change the systematic development of a scale. The Journal of applied behavioral science, 43(2), 232-255.
Howell, J. M., Shea, C. M., & Higgins, C. A. (2005). Champions of product innovations: defining, developing, and validating a measure of champion behavior. Journal of business venturing, 20(5), 641-661.
Hurt, H. T., Joseph, K., & Cook, C. D. (1977). Scales for the measurement of innovativeness. Human Communication Research, 4(1), 58-65.
Iverson, R. D. (1996). Employee acceptance of organizational change: the role of organizational commitment. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 7(1), 122-149.
Janssen, O. (2000). Job demands, perceptions of effort‐reward fairness and innovative work behaviour. Journal of Occupational and organizational psychology, 73(3), 287-302.
Janssen, O., Van de Vliert, E., & West, M. (2004). The bright and dark sides of individual and group innovation: A special issue introduction. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(2), 129-145.
Jensen, M. C. (1998). Organization theory and methodology.
Johnsen, T., & Ford, D. (2000, September). Managing collaborative innovation in complex networks: Findings from exploratory interviews. In16th Annual IMP Conference (pp. 613-629).
Jung, D. I., Chow, C., & Wu, A. (2003). The role of transformational leadership in enhancing organizational innovation: Hypotheses and some preliminary findings. The Leadership Quarterly, 14(4), 525-544.
Kanter, R. M. (1988). Three tiers for innovation research. Communication Research, 15(5), 509-523.
Khan, M. J., Aslam, N., & Riaz, M. N. (2012). Leadership styles as predictors of innovative work behavior. Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 9(2), 17-22.
King, N., & Anderson, N. (2002). Managing innovation and change: A critical guide for organizations. Cengage Learning EMEA.

Kirton, M. J. (2003). Adaption-innovation: In the context of diversity and change. New York, NY: Routledge.
Kleysen, R. F., & Street, C. T. (2001). Toward a multi-dimensional measure of individual innovative behavior. Journal of intellectual Capital, 2(3), 284-296.
Kotter, J. P. (1995). Leading change: Why transformation efforts fail.
Kozlowski, S. W., & Klein, K. J. (2000). A multilevel approach to theory and research in organizations: Contextual, temporal, and emergent processes.
Kraus, S., Pohjola, M., & Koponen, A. (2012). Innovation in family firms: an empirical analysis linking organizational and managerial innovation to corporate success. Review of Managerial Science, 6(3), 265-286.
Lee, K. (2008). Opportunities for green marketing: young consumers.Marketing intelligence & planning, 26(6), 573-586.
Leonard, R. L., Freedman, A. M., & Passmore, J. (2013). UNCORRECTED PROOFS.
Lewin, K. (1947). Group decision and social change. Readings in social psychology, 3, 197-211.
Marcati, A., Guido, G., & Peluso, A. M. (2008). The role of SME entrepreneurs’ innovativeness and personality in the adoption of innovations. Research Policy, 37(9), 1579-1590.
Martins, E. C., & Terblanche, F. (2003). Building organisational culture that stimulates creativity and innovation. European journal of innovation management, 6(1), 64-74.
Mast, C., Huck, S., & Zerfass, A. (2005). Innovation communication.Innovation Journalism, 2(4), 165.
McDougall, P. P., Shane, S., & Oviatt, B. M. (1994). Explaining the formation of international new ventures: The limits of theories from international business research. Journal of business venturing, 9(6), 469-487.
McLean, L. D. (2005). Organizational culture’s influence on creativity and innovation: A review of the literature and implications for human resource development. Advances in developing human resources, 7(2), 226-246.
Meaney, M., & Pung, C. (2008). McKinsey global results: Creating organizational transformations. The McKinsey Quarterly, 7(3), 1-7.
Midgley, D. F., & Dowling, G. R. (1993). A longitudinal study of product form innovation: the interaction between predispositions and social messages.Journal of consumer research, 19(4), 611-625.

Miron, E., Erez, M., & Naveh, E. (2004). Do personal characteristics and cultural values that promote innovation, quality, and efficiency compete or complement each other?. Journal of organizational behavior, 25(2), 175-199.
Morrison, E. W., & Milliken, F. J. (2000). Organizational silence: A barrier to change and development in a pluralistic world. Academy of Management review, 25(4), 706-725.
Mumford, M. D., & Gustafson, S. B. (1988). Creativity syndrome: Integration, application, and innovation. Psychological bulletin, 103(1), 27.
Nunnally, J. (1978). Psychometric methods.
O'Connor, A., Du, K., & Roos, G. (2015). The intellectual capital needs of a transitioning economy: a case study exploration of Australian sectoral changes. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(3), 466-489.
Pajares, F., & Miller, M. D. (1994). Role of self-efficacy and self-concept beliefs in mathematical problem solving: A path analysis. Journal of educational psychology, 86(2), 193.
Parker, S. K., Williams, H. M., & Turner, N. (2006). Modeling the antecedents of proactive behavior at work. Journal of applied psychology, 91(3), 636.
Parzefall, M. R., Seeck, H., & Leppänen, A. (2008). Employee innovativeness in organizations: a review of the antecedents. Finnish Journal of Business Economics, 2(08), 165-182.
Pastor-Satorras, R., Vázquez, A., & Vespignani, A. (2001). Dynamical and correlation properties of the Internet. Physical review letters, 87(25), 258701.
Pulakos, E. D., Arad, S., Donovan, M. A., & Plamondon, K. E. (2000). Adaptability in the workplace: development of a taxonomy of adaptive performance. Journal of applied psychology, 85(4), 612.
Ramamoorthy, N., Flood, P. C., Slattery, T., & Sardessai, R. (2005). Determinants of innovative work behaviour: Development and test of an integrated model. Creativity and Innovation Management, 14(2), 142-150.
Rogers, E. M., & Shoemaker, F. F. (1971). Communication of Innovations; A Cross-Cultural Approach.
Rubin, K. H., Bukowski, W. M., & Parker, J. G. (1998). Peer interactions, relationships, and groups. Handbook of child psychology.
Rusbult, C. E., & Farrell, D. (1983). A longitudinal test of the investment model: The impact on job satisfaction, job commitment, and turnover of variations in rewards, costs, alternatives, and investments. Journal of applied psychology, 68(3), 429.
Rusly, F. H., Corner, J. L., & Sun, P. (2012). Positioning change readiness in knowledge management research. Journal of Knowledge Management,16(2), 329-355.
Sagie, A., Elizur, D., & Greenbaum, C. W. (1985). Job experience, persuasion strategy and resistance to change: An experimental study.Journal of Organizational Behavior, 6(2), 157-162.
Schein, E. H. (1999). Empowerment, coercive persuasion and organizational learning: do they connect?. The Learning Organization, 6(4), 163-172.
Scott, S. G., & Bruce, R. A. (1994). Determinants of innovative behavior: A path model of individual innovation in the workplace. Academy of management journal, 37(3), 580-607.
Shalley, C. E., & Gilson, L. L. (2004). What leaders need to know: A review of social and contextual factors that can foster or hinder creativity. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(1), 33-53.
Shane, S. A. (2003). A general theory of entrepreneurship: The individual-opportunity nexus. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Shea, C. M., Jacobs, S. R., Esserman, D. A., Bruce, K., & Weiner, B. J. (2014). Organizational readiness for implementing change: a psychometric assessment of a new measure. Implementation Science, 9(1), 1.
Snyder-Halpern, R. (1996). Health services organizations computer innovation. Ready or not?. Computers in nursing, 15(3), 147-52.
Spink, A., Wolfram, D., Jansen, M. B., & Saracevic, T. (2001). Searching the web: The public and their queries. Journal of the American society for information science and technology, 52(3), 226-234.
Taggar, S. (2002). Individual creativity and group ability to utilize individual creative resources: A multilevel model. Academy of Management Journal,45(2), 315-330.
Unsworth, K. L., & Clegg, C. W. (2010). Why do employees undertake creative action?. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology,83(1), 77-99.
Van de Ven, A. H., & Poole, M. S. (1990). Methods for studying innovation development in the Minnesota Innovation Research Program. Organization science, 1(3), 313-335.
Van de Ven, A. H., & Poole, M. S. (1995). Explaining development and change in organizations. Academy of management review, 20(3), 510-540.
Van der Vegt, G. S., & Janssen, O. (2003). Joint impact of interdependence and group diversity on innovation. Journal of management, 29(5), 729-751.
Varghese, O. K., Gong, D., Paulose, M., Ong, K. G., Dickey, E. C., & Grimes, C. A. (2003). Extreme changes in the electrical resistance of titania nanotubes with hydrogen exposure. Advanced Materials, 15(7‐8), 624-627.
Wanberg, C. R., & Banas, J. T. (2000). Predictors and outcomes of openness to changes in a reorganizing workplace. Journal of Applied Psychology,85(1), 132.
Weick, K. E., & Quinn, R. E. (1999). Organizational change and development. Annual review of psychology, 50(1), 361-386.
Weiner, B. J. (2009). A theory of organizational readiness for change.Implementation Science, 4(1), 1.
Weisberg, R. W. (1999). I2 Creativity and Knowledge: A Challenge to Theories. Handbook of creativity, 226.
West, M. A. (2002). Sparkling fountains or stagnant ponds: An integrative model of creativity and innovation implementation in work groups. Applied psychology, 51(3), 355-387.
Xu, F., & Rickards, T. (2007). Creative management: A predicted development from research into creativity and management. Creativity and Innovation Management, 16(3), 216-228.
Yanaihara, N., Caplen, N., Bowman, E., Seike, M., Kumamoto, K., Yi, M., & Calin, G. A. (2006). Unique microRNA molecular profiles in lung cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Cancer cell, 9(3), 189-198.
Yuan, F., & Woodman, R. W. (2010). Innovative behavior in the workplace: The role of performance and image outcome expectations. Academy of Management Journal, 53(2), 323-342.
電子全文 Fulltext
論文使用權限 Thesis access permission:自定論文開放時間 user define
開放時間 Available:
校內 Campus:開放下載的時間 available 2019-07-28
校外 Off-campus:開放下載的時間 available 2021-07-28

QR Code