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博碩士論文 etd-0720114-114412 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0720114-114412
論文名稱
Title
人才流失:探討在台越南學生不歸國之考量因素
“Brain-drain” Issue: Why do Vietnamese students not return after studying in Taiwan?
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
148
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
余明助
Yu Ming Chu
口試委員
Advisory Committee
王喻平
Wang Yu-ping
口試日期
Date of Exam
2014-06-19
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2014-08-20
關鍵字
Keywords
人力資源、人才、歸國、越南學生、人才流失
labor markets’ mobility, human resource, oversea Vietnamese, brain drain, Vietnamese returners
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5754 次,被下載 896
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5754 times, has been downloaded 896 times.
中文摘要
摘要

這項研究將是一個所有的“人才流失”的概念,以往的研究以及可能進水的越南學生的決策對未來的上崗位置的進度現實和心理因素的審查。這項研究也將評估的準確統計結果指出移民問題的最親密的原因。因此,有效的政策變化和國內企業的條件進行建議。具體而言,本文將分析網上在線招聘程序為越南的人力資本需求的關鍵策略的應用;特別是在能力建設,發展,重建和長期發展。通過了解問題的關鍵點,我相信越南的勞動力市場可以從“人才外流”轉向“人才回流”在不久的將來。
本研究的主要形式將通過對“人才外流”世界以前學者的研究範圍,政府的報告,近年來等統計資源進行訪問。除了過海越實數,學生在台灣和統計方法將被用在本文中,以便幫助讀者有清晰的事業有關越南“人才外流”的挑戰的原因。該研究issuses通過個人因素和工作有關的因素可能有助於組織在吸引人才去了。
這項研究的結果,有價值的,因為它說了很多心理因素和工作環境的影響,對職業選擇的越南學生在台灣,將是招聘部分公司的任何實際應用。
Abstract
Abstract
This study will be a review about all of “brain drain” concepts, previous researches as well as realistic and psychological factors that may influent on the progress of Vietnamese students’ decision making about future carrer location. This study will also assess the exact statistic result to point out the closest reasons of immigrating issue. Consequently, effective changes in policies and conditions for domestic companies will be suggested. In detail, this paper will analyze the applications for online-recuitment procedure as key strategy for the needs of human capital of Vietnam; especially in its capacity building, development, reconstruction and long term growth. By understanding the key point of the issue, I believe Vietnam labor market can turn from “brain drain” to “brain gain” in the near future.
The main form of this research will be accessed through previous scholar studies about “brain drain” world wide, government’s reports in recent years and other statistic resources. Besides real number of over sea Vietnamese, students in Taiwan and statistical methods will be used in this paper tohelp reader have the clearest about the reasons cause “brain drain” challenge in Vietnam. The study issuses went through individual factor and job related factors which may help organization in attracting talents.
The results of this research, as valuable as it pointed out many psychological factors and working condition which influenced on career choice of Vietnamese student in Taiwan,will be a practical application for any company in recruiting section.
目次 Table of Contents
Title Page…………………………………………………………………………… i
Thesis Validation/Approval……………..………………………………………….. ii
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………………………. iii
Abstract (English) ………………………………………………………………….. iv
Abstract (Chinese) …………………………………………………………………. v
Thesis statement………………………………………………………….………… vi
Table of Content………………………………………………………………….... vii
List of Table……………………………………………………………………….. x
List of Figure……………………………………………………………………….. xii
Chapter 1 Introduction……………………………………………………..…… 1
1.1 Background of Vietnam’s labor market……..……………...… 1
1.2 Research motivation……………………………………..….. 7
1.3 Research objectives………………………………….…… 10
1.4 Research questions…………………………………..… …… 11
1.5 Timeline for research……………………………………… 11
Chapter 2 Literature review…………………………………………………... 12
2.1 Statistic Overview………………………………………….… 12
2.1.1 Oversea Vietnamese overview……………………… 12
2.1.2 Vietnamese students abroad overview………………. 20
2.1.3 International students in Taiwan…………………….. 24
2.1.4 Vietnamese students in Taiwan……………………… 28
2.2 Theorical frame work………………………………………… 28
2.2.1 Academic definition………………………… ……… 28
2.2.2 Theory of planned behavior………………………..… 30
2.2.3 Maslow’s hierarchy of needs………………………..... 35
2.2.4 Herberg’s motivation-hygiene theory……………...… 37
2.3 Previous reseaches about “brain drain” ………………………… 39
2.3.1 Future career orientations and options …………..…… 39
2.3.2 Domestics economics……………………………….… 42
2.3.3 Previous researches of brain drain issue in Vietnam
(Archive and Limitation) …………………………..… 45
2.4 Online recruitment……………………………………………… 46
2.4.1 Online recruitment over view………………………… 46
2.4.2 Online recruitment V.S traditional recruitment………… 47
Chapter 3 Frame work &Methodology…………………………………………..… 51
3.1 Research progress………………………………………………. 51
3.1.1 Sampling……………………………………………… 51
3.1.2 Participants……………………………………………. 52
3.1.3 Demographic…………………………………………… 53
3.2 Conceptual model and hypothesis……………………………….. 55
3.3 Research method…………………………………………………. 57
3.3.1 Data-collection instruments……………………………. 57
3.3.2 Measurement scale……………………………………… 57
3.3.3 Methods for descriptive analysis………………………. 59
3.4 Survey …………………………………………………………… 59
3.4.1 Survey design………………………………………… 59
3.4.2 Language…………………………………………… 62
Chapter 4 Finding and Discussion……………………………………………. 63
4.1 Respondents……………………………………………………. 63
4.2 Descriptive statistics……………………………………………. 65
4.3 Cronbach’s alpha – factor reliability……………………………. 71
4.4 Factor analysis…………………………………………………... 74
4.5 Correlation …………………………………………………….. 80
4.6 Hypothesis test………………………………………………… 83
4.6.1 Regression ……………………………………………… 83
4.6.2 Demographic vs. factors………………………………… 85
4.7 Hypothesis revised……………………………………………… 96
4.8 E-recruitment analysis………………………………………… 97

Chapter 5 Conclusion and suggestion………………………………………… 100
5.1 Conclusion …………………………………………………….. 100
5.2 Implications and limitations…………………………………… 103
5.3 Suggestions……………………………………………………… 105
5.3.1 Talent attractive points………………………………….. 105
5.3.2 Future direction of online recruitment…………………. 107

Bibliography……………………………………………………………………. 111
Appendix………………………………………………………………………… 118
Appendix A: English questionaire survey………………………………………. 118
Appendix B: Vietnamese questionaire survey………………………………… 126
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