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博碩士論文 etd-0728104-164957 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0728104-164957
A study of Loneliness Factors of Foreign Workers in Taiwan:The Mediating Effects of Social Support
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loneliness, social support, foreign worker
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本研究主要目的在於探討外籍勞工之孤獨感構成的因素,以及孤獨感與社會支持的關係,透過人口學變項探討社會支持對影響孤獨感之中介效果是否成立。研究對象為泰國、越南及菲律賓等三國之外籍勞工,以問卷調查方式進行,回收樣本總計725份有效樣本,已婚佔有效樣本35.55 %,未婚佔64.45 %。利用層級式迴歸與路徑分析檢測社會支持之中介效果,研究結果顯示「工作支持」與「身心照護支持」對孤獨感具有中介作用,而「團體支持」與「母國聯絡支持」則較可能是直接效果,整體上以「團體支持」之直接效果最為顯著。運用於外籍勞工管理,則可加強勞工本身較缺乏的「工作支持」與「身心照護支持」,以求有效降低孤獨感,避免孤獨感所產生之不良影響,增進外籍勞工之身心健康。
The study has investigated the loneliness facts influencing the foreign workers in Taiwan, and has discovered the relationship between loneliness and the mediating effects of social support by demographic variables. The target of the study were foreign workers who had came from Thailand, Vietname, and the Philippines. The questionnaires were collected by a hospital and there were 725 valid returns within 35.55% married samples and 64.45% single samples. Using hierarchical regression and path analysis to test the mediating effects of social support, the findings are: 1. work support and health care support were mediating effective for loneliness; 2. native country contact support have direct effects, but the most significant effect was by group support. Regarding the implementation of foreign worker management, it can enforce the already lacking work and health care support of the foreign workers might reduce the negative effect of loneliness, and thus improves the heart, mind and healthy of these workers.
目次 Table of Contents
第壹章 緒 論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第貳章 文獻探討 3
第一節 外籍勞工之定義 3
第二節 孤獨感之定義 5
第三節 社會支持之定義 9
第四節 外籍勞工之個人背景因素 14
第參章 研究方法 20
第一節 研究架構 20
第二節 研究假設 22
第三節 研究樣本 23
第四節 研究工具 23
第五節 研究變項及操作型定義 26
第六節 統計方法 30
第七節 描述統計結果 32
第八節 樣本代表性檢定與量表信度分析 38
第肆章 實證結果 41
第一節 差異分析 41
第二節 複迴歸 49
第三節 層級迴歸模型---社會支持之中介效果分析與路徑分析 61
第伍章 討論與建議 77
第一節 研究討論 77
第二節 結論及未來研究建議 82
第三節 研究限制 83
參考文獻 84
附 錄 90
附錄一 90
附錄二 91
附錄三 問卷 92
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