Responsive image
博碩士論文 etd-0803112-020301 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0803112-020301
論文名稱
Title
綠色創業領導對綠色人力資本及競爭優勢之影響
The impacts of green entrepreneurial leadership on green human capital and competitive advantage
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
86
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2012-06-18
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2012-08-03
關鍵字
Keywords
競爭優勢、綠色人力資本、綠色創業領導
competitive advantage, green human capital, green entrepreneurial leadership
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5698 次,被下載 779
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5698 times, has been downloaded 779 times.
中文摘要
 近年來,環境惡化已成為全人類最關切的議題之一。環境問題已非單一企業的責任,企業也必須藉由快速進行綠化以取得競爭優勢。此外,在大多數的企業中,綠色人力資本被認定是獲得競爭優勢的重要元素,企業員工的各類技能、知識、經驗、潛力、理解力等能力是組織無形的資產之一。若企業以綠色創業領導進行對綠色人力資本的管理將可為公司帶來競爭優勢。
 本研究欲試圖驗證綠色人力資本與競爭優勢間是否呈現正向相關,亦希望探討綠色創業領導是否會對綠色人力資本與競爭優勢產生調節效果。
 本研究以行政院環境保護署公佈之中華民國企業環保獎第1~20屆獲獎企業及經濟部商業司登記在案之公司為研究母群體,前者刪除重覆獲獎名單後,以普查方式發放問卷,後者則採立意抽樣方式發放問卷。問卷調查方式採取配對樣本的方式進行,施測對象為環境保護、節能減碳、社區關懷等綠色實務工作者、人力資源或人事相關部門主管、行銷或企劃相關部門主管。總計發放200間企業,共計600份問卷,有效配對樣本為108間企業,共計231份問卷。本研究以驗證性因素分析檢驗各量表工具之品質,並以二階階層迴歸驗證各研究假設。
 研究結果顯示: 1. 魅力型領導會對綠色人力資本的培養與競爭優勢間的正向關係產生調節作用;2. 倫理型領導會對綠色人力資本的培養與競爭優勢間的正向關係產生調節作用;3. 前瞻型領導會對綠色人力資本的培養與競爭優勢間的正向關係產生調節作用。
 本研究提出具體管理意涵如下: 1. 加強綠色人力資本的招募;2. 加強綠色人力資本的培養與活用。最後,提出未來研究方向與限制。
Abstract
Environmental degradation has become a major concern for all humankind. The environmental problems are no longer confined to one enterprise. The need for “Greening” is urgent for enterprises because they have to gain competitive advantage.  Moreover, green human capital is considered most important element of competitive advantage in most enterprises. All of the competencies of the green human capital within an enterprise is intangible assets. It is believed that if an enterprise knows that green entrepreneurial leadership contributes green human capital and competitive advantage, it can be managed effectively.
This study extended previous research by attending to the boundaries of the relationship between green human capital and competitive advantage. Furthermore, we would like to examine the impact of green entrepreneurial leadership on green human capital and competitive advantage.
These hypotheses were supported in examination of 108 enterprises which attained the Annual Enterprises Environmental Protection Award via Environmental Protection Administration Executive Yuan, and the enterprises which is registered in the Ministry of Economic Affairs in Taiwan. The 231 objects are environmentalists, director of human resources department, and director of marketing department. We used confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, and regression analysis to testify our hypotheses.
The study findings indicated: 1. Charismatic leadership increased positive relationship between development of green human capital and competitive advantage. 2. Ethical leadership increased positive relationship between development of green human capital and competitive advantage. 3. Proactive personality increased positive relationship between development of green human capital and competitive advantage.
Practical implications were illustrated as following: 1. Enterprises should attach importance to selection of green human capital. 2. Enterprises should attach importance to development and leverage of green human capital. Finally, suggestions for future research and the limitation of this study also discussed.
目次 Table of Contents
摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iv
圖目次 vi
表目次 vii
第一章、緒論 1
第一節、研究背景與動機 1
第二節、研究目的 6
第三節、研究流程 6
第二章、文獻探討 8
第一節、綠色創業領導 8
第二節、綠色人力資本 12
第三節、競爭優勢 15
第四節、變項間之關係探討 17
第三章、研究方法 23
第一節、研究架構與假設 23
第二節、研究對象及調查實施 24
第三節、研究工具 26
第四節、分析方法 30
第四章、研究結果與討論 35
第一節、敘述性統計 35
第二節、驗證性因素分析與信效度分析 37
第三節、Rwg與 ICC1、ICC2分析 43
第四節、相關分析 54
第五節、迴歸分析 55
第五章、結論與建議 63
第一節、研究結論與發現 63
第二節、管理意涵 66
第三節、研究限制與後續研究建議 67
參考文獻 69
一、中文文獻 69
二、英文文獻 70
附錄:調查問卷 74
參考文獻 References
一、中文文獻
方正榮(2002)。高雄港發展國際物流中心競爭優勢之研究-從資源基礎理論觀點。國立成功大學交通管理學系碩士論文。
李育帆(2011)。企業綠色管理模式與績效探討。國立臺北大學公共事務學院自然資源與環境管理研究所碩士論文。
李瑞全(1999)。綠色管理之哲學省思。國立中央大學哲學研究所教授個人網站教學資料,http://www.ncu.edu.tw/~phi/teachers/lee_shui_chuen/
宋偉航譯。Sadgrove, K.(1995)。綠色管理手冊。臺北市:天下文化。
吳統雄(1985)。態度與行為研究的信度與效度:理論、應用、反省。民意學術專刊,1:29-53。
吳慧敏(2012)。綠色雇主品牌知覺與組織績效關係之研究-以企業綠色實務為中介變項。國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
汪銘生(1993)。環境管理架構概述。公害防治與環境管理。國立中山大學環境工程研究所(編)。高雄市:復文,103-114頁。
林純雯(2002)。國民中學校長道德領導之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文。
林靜瑩(2011)。企業綠化之策略、領導與人力資源管理實務探討。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
高明瑞(1995)。環境保護與企業管理。教育部大專商管科學生通識教育課程規劃。台北:教育部環境保護小組�國立中山大學企業管理學系。
高明瑞、黃義俊(2000)。影響企業推行綠色管理因素之實證研究。交大管理學報,20(2):113-148。
孫天立(2006)。台灣螺絲產業的優勢資源運用與策略規劃之研究-以資源基礎觀點。逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
陳曉萍、徐淑英、樊景立、鄭伯燻(2008)。組織與管理研究的實證方法。臺北市:華泰文化。
張維亮(2005)。企業綠色管理模式之建置與探討。國立臺北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所碩士論文。
彭台光、高月慈、林鉦棽(2006)。管理研究中的共同方法變異:問題本質、影響、測試和補救。管理學報,23(1):77-98。
程琪方(2010)。企業綠化程度對企業競爭力之影響-以綠色人力資本為中介變項。國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
楊振富譯。Bassi, L., & McMurrer, D.(2007)。搖錢樹員工育種大計。哈佛商業評論。臺北市:遠見天下,2007年6月,2-11。
廖建容譯。Sharma, R.(2010)。喚醒心中的領導者。臺北市:天下遠見。
趙必孝(2011)。國際化管理-人力資源觀點。臺北市:華泰文化。
蔡雄田(2011)。A公司在螺絲產業的競爭優勢分析-資源基礎理論觀點。國立高雄大學國際高階經營管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
謝昊能(2011)。以資源基礎觀點探討環境檢測機構之競爭優勢。逢甲大學經營管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
蕭文龍(2007)。多變量分析最佳入門實用書。台北:碁峰資訊。
羅美萍(2005)。智慧資本與企業競爭優勢關聯性之研究。國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
羅耀宗譯。Chouinard Y., Ellison, J., & Ridgeway, R.(2011)。邁向永續經濟。哈佛商業評論。臺北市:遠見天下,2011年10月,48-61。

二、英文文獻
Aaker, D. A. (1989). Managing assets and skills: the key to a sustainable competitive advantage. California Management Review, 91-106.
Ashford, N. A. (1993). Understanding technological responses of industrial firms to environmental problems: Implications for government policy. In K. Fischer and J. Schot (Eds.) Environmental Strategies for Industry: International Perspectives on Research Needs and Policy Implications. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
Avolio, B. J. (1999). Full leadership development: Building the vital forces in organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Becker, G. S. (1964). Human capital. New York: Columbia University Press.
Becker, G. S. (1976). The Economic approach to human behavior. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Berry, J. K., & Gordon, J. C. (Eds.). (1993). Environmental leadership: Developing effective skills and styles. Washington. DC: Island Press.
Brooking, A. (1996). Intellectual Capital: Core asset for the third millennium. New York: Thomson Learning Europe.
Carter, C. R., Ellram, L. M., & Kathryn, L. M. (1998). Environmental purchasing: Benchmarking our German counterparts. International Journal of Purchasing And Materials Management. 34(4), 28-38.
Chen, Y. S. (2008). The positive effect of green intellectual capital on competitive advantages of firms. Journal of Business Ethics. 77(3), 271-286.
Coyne, K. P. (1986). Sustainable competitive advantage-What it is and it isn’t. Business Horizons. 29 (January-February): 54-61.
Delaney, J. T., & Huselid, M. A. (1996). The impact of human resource management tpactices on perception of organization performance. The Academy of Management Journal, 39, 949-969.
Fornell, & Larcker. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of Marketing Research, 18(February): 39-50.
Gerald, Z. D. H., Roy, M. H., Ahmed, Z. U., Heng, J. S. T., & Lim, J. H. M. (2002). Benchmarking the human capital strategies of MNCs in Singapore. Benchmarking, 9(4), 357-374.
Gladwin, T. (1993). The meaning of greening: A plea for organizational theory. Schot, J. & Fischer, K. eds., Environmental Strategies for Industry. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 37-61.
Glick, W. H. (1985). Conceptualizing and measuring organizational and psychological climate: Pitfalls in multilevel research. Academy of Management Review. 10,601-616.
Hayes, R. H., & Wheelwright, S. C. (1984). Restoring our competitive edge: Competing through manufacturing. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
House, R. J., & Howell, J. M. (1992). Personality and charismatic leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 3: 81-108.
House, R. J. (1971). A path goal theory of leader effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16: 321-338.
House, R. J., & Shamir, B. (1993) Toward an integration of transformational, charismatic and visionary theories of leadership. In M. Chemmers, & R. Ayman (Eds.). Leadership: Perspectives and research directions. 81-107. New York: Academic Press.
James, L. (1982). Aggregation bias in estimates of perceptual agreement. Journal of Applied Psychology. 67, 219-229.
Lado, A. A., Boyd, N. C., & Wright, P. (1992). A competency-based model of sustainable competitive advantage: Towards a conceptual integration. Journal of Management. 18, 77-91.
Lin, S. C., & Huang, Y. M. (2005). The role of social capital in the relationship between human capital and career mobility moderator or mediator. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 22(1), 62-70.
Lu, W. L. (2011). The research of building enterprise competitive advantages through green entrepreneurial leadership and green human capital. The master thesis of National Sun Yat-sen University.
Lumpkin, G. T., & Dess, D. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. The Academy of Management Review. 21(1):135-172.
Maxcy, S. J. (1994). Postmodern school leadership: Meeting the crisis in education administration. London: Praeger.
Mayo, A. (2001). The human value of the enterprise: Viewing people as assets: monitoring, measuring, managing. London: Nicholas Brealey Publishing.
MacCallum, R. C., Browne, M. W., & Sugawara, H. M. (1996). Power analysis and determination of sample size for covariance structure modeling. Psychological Methods, 1, 130-149.
Muhammad, A. M., Riaz, A. M., & Chandan, L. R. (2009). Human capital a source of competitive advantage “Ideas for strategic leadership”. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(4): 4182-4189.
Murphy, Patrick, E., & Georges, E. (1995). Managerial ethical leadership: Examples do matter. Business Ethics Quarterly. 5(1), 117-129.
Petra, D. S. P., & Juan, M. G. F. (2004). The influence of human resource management in savings bank performance. The Service Industries Journal, 24(2), 51.
Pfeffer, J. (1994). Competitive advantage through pelple: Unleashing the power of the work force. Boston, Mass: HBS Press.
Quinn, J. B. (1992). Intelligent enterprise. New York: Free Press.
Roos, J., Roos, R., Edvinnsson, L., & Dragonetti, N. (1998). Intellectual capital: Navigating in the new business landscape. New York: New York University Press.
Rowe, W. G. (2001). Creating wealth in organizations: The role of strategic leadership. Academy of Management Executive. 15: 81-94.
Snell, S. A., Youndt, M. A., & Wright, P. M., (1996). Establishing a framework for research in strategic human resource management: Mergering resource theory and organizational learning. Human Resource Management. 14, 61-90.
Teece, D. J., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic Manage. J., 18, 509-533.
Youndt, M. A., & Snell, S. A. (2004). Human resource configurations, intellectual capital, and organizational performance. Journal of Managerial Issues, 16(3), 337-360.
Zsidisin, G. A., & Siferd, S. P. (2001). Environmental purchasing: a framework for theory development. European Journal of Purchasing & Supplying Management. 7, 1-73.
電子全文 Fulltext
本電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。
論文使用權限 Thesis access permission:自定論文開放時間 user define
開放時間 Available:
校內 Campus: 已公開 available
校外 Off-campus: 已公開 available


紙本論文 Printed copies
紙本論文的公開資訊在102學年度以後相對較為完整。如果需要查詢101學年度以前的紙本論文公開資訊,請聯繫圖資處紙本論文服務櫃台。如有不便之處敬請見諒。
開放時間 available 已公開 available

QR Code