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博碩士論文 etd-0908111-172241 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0908111-172241
論文名稱
Title
玩興與工作表現的關係:聰明/努力工作的中介角色
Linking Playfulness and Job Performance in the Workplace: Mediating Role of Working-Smart/Hard
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
74
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2011-07-27
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2011-09-08
關鍵字
Keywords
玩興、聰明工作、認真工作、工作表現
working-smart, working-hard, job performance, playfulness
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5804 次,被下載 238
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5804 times, has been downloaded 238 times.
中文摘要
機器與科技的發展,使得在知識經濟下的競爭更講究人腦的充分開發利用。當企業轉向透過「玩」的手法以及環境設計來管理員工,此現象透露,員工藉由在工作中「玩」的活動與氣氛,人的潛能可以藉由「玩」在所謂的工作裡獲得平衡與釋放。這樣的手法最常見於追求創新的企業,企業常經由人格特質來甄選員工,玩興人格特質雖然在教育以及心理治療上已有著墨,但在企業組織中的應用仍為少見。「玩興」人格特質在孩童的學習中對創造力的展現深具影響,聰明工作與認真工作是決定工作績效的工作行為,人格特質會影響行為展現傾向。本研究針對此人格特質探討其在工作環境中與工作行為以及工作績效的關係,並對相關研究結果予以討論。
Abstract
Organizations nowadays want employees who are flexible, adaptable, autonomous, creative, willing to learn, self-motivated, and able to fit productively into teams to satisfy instable and varied consumer demands. Consequently, job performance no more relies on repetitive and routine tasks which traditionally could be completed and improved by working-hard only.
Nevertheless, the economy in the world is becoming dynamic, rapid and unpredictable for sure. Transparently workers will need to unceasingly increase their skill base to experience workplace success in the future. Therefore, management scholars suggest organizations who want to survive or outperform of the time may need to consider traits in addition of conscientiousness when making hiring decisions. The Big Five undoubtedly provides the general and basic consideration of personality. As the environment nowadays changes, not only the Big Five but also more advanced and specific personality constructs for advantageous solutions hitting the mark are needed.
Playfulness, defined as a multidimensional personality with curiosity, absorption, sense of humor, manifest joy and childlikeness factors, may be one promising personality which replies the call from the academic and plays as the alternative selection assessment tool for selection to the practical simultaneously. Playfulness has been emphasized in child development, education, and clinical counseling fields for a long time. This personality fosters optimal human function and accompanies intrinsic motivation according to developmental psychology and positive psychology perspectives. Notwithstanding its importance, playfulness in adults does not catch enough attention of the academic.
This study first empirically tests relationship between playfulness and job performance (in-role performance, creative performance) and clarifies the discrepancy of style effects on different dimensions of performance which may better explain the phenomena in the workplace. Second, this study moves a step forward to propose a personality construct from developmental psychology triangle especially favorable to selection consideration. Third, through the lens of working behavior style, the results of this study also better explain the mechanism link playfulness and performance that throw light on training direction for people in organizations already. By defining working-smart/hard as behavioral style instead of ability and motivation, this study opens a new avenue for research to discuss the issue thoroughly. Future research suggestions and practical applications are also provided.
目次 Table of Contents
Contents


Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION……………………………………………1

Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW……………………………………………...6

Personality and Performance………………………………6

Playfulness: From Child Development to Adult Personality……6
Is it part of the normal personality?..……………………………..8
Pronounced research of adult playfulness.…………………….....8
Measurements of adult playfulness……………………………..10
Conceptualization and definition..………………………………11
Sense of humor…………………………………………….12
Manifest joy………………………………………………..15
Spontaneity……………………………………………...…16
Cognitive spontaneity………………………………...17
Curiosity………………………………………...18
Childlikeness……………………………………20
Why playfulness contributes in the workplace: Self-determination theory perspective………………………………………………21

Relating Playfulness to Performance………………………………...23
The mediating role of working-smart/hard……………………..25
Working behavior: Working-smart and working-hard...26
Relationship between playfulness and work behavior…….32
Relationship between work behavior and job performance.33

Chapter 3 METHOD…………………………………………………………….35

Sample………………………………………………………………35
Measures……………………….……………………………………..37
Analysis procedure……………..……………………………………39

Chapter 4 RESULTS…………………………………………………………….41

Chapter 5 DISCUSSION……………………………………………………….51
Managerial implications………..……………………………………54
Limitations and future research..……………………………………54


APPENDIX A SUBORDINATE QUESTIONNAIRE…………………….…..56
APPENDIX B SUPERVISOR QUESTIONNAIRE…………………………..61

REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………63
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