Responsive image
博碩士論文 etd-0914106-222640 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-0914106-222640
論文名稱
Title
我國資訊電子業教育訓練對組織績效影響之分析- 研發支出為干擾變項
The Influences of Training on Organizational Performance in Taiwan Electronics and Information Industry - R&D Expenditures as Moderator
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
57
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2006-07-24
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2006-09-14
關鍵字
Keywords
教育訓練、研發支出、組織績效、人力資本
Training, R&D Expenditures, Organizational Performance, Human Capital
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5743 次,被下載 26
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5743 times, has been downloaded 26 times.
中文摘要
本研究旨在探討臺灣資訊電子業教育訓練對組織績效之影響。研究樣本採上市資訊電子業為對象,期間共蒐集自民國89年至民國91年,連續三年有提列教育訓練費用的64家廠商之次級資料。經由複迴歸分析,實證資訊電子業教育訓練對企業組織績效影響的相關性。
實証研究結果顯示:1. 教育訓練投入與組織績效呈正向關係。 2. 教育訓練投入對組織績效的遞延效益並不顯著。3. 教育訓練投入對組織績效的影響,會隨著研發支出比例的高低而有所差異;研發支出比例愈高者,教育訓練投入對組織績效之影響愈大。
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between training and organizational performance, moderated by R&D expenditures, in Taiwan Electronics and Information Industry. Using data collected through 64 enterprises between 2000 and 2002, the influences of training on organizational performance was studied over the multi-regression analysis.
The empirical findings are concluded as follows. 1. Training has positive effects on organizational performance. 2. The lag effects of training on organizational performance are negative. 3. The higher the investment on R&D expenditures, the higher the training effects on organizational performance raised. R&D expenditures have moderating effects on the influences of training on organizational performance.
目次 Table of Contents
第一章 導論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 教育訓練的意涵、實施與評估 4
第二節 組織績效的意涵與衡量 10
第三節 教育訓練對組織績效的影響 15
第四節 研發支出的干擾效果 20
第三章 研究方法 23
第一節 研究架構 23
第二節 研究假設 24
第三節 實証模型 25
第四節 資料來源與變數定義 26
第四章 實証結果分析 31
第一節 敘述性統計分析 31
第二節 變數相關分析 33
第三節 迴歸分析 36
第五章 研究結論與建議 46
第一節 研究結論與建議 46
第二節 研究限制 47
參考文獻 49
參考文獻 References
一、中文書目
丁綉娟,2003,研發支出與人力資本對企業評價攸關性之實證研究,文化大學會計研究所未出版碩士論文。
王保進,2002,視窗版SPSS與行為科學研究 (第二版),台北:心理出版社。
王玲莉,2006,教育訓練對組織績效的影響 – 以金融業為例,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
王精文、蕭婉鎔,2004,人力資源管理學報,第四卷第四期,29-49。
克拉克等著,2000,績效評估,台北:天下遠見出版。
吳秀娟,2000,企業市場價值與淨值影響差異影響因素之研究-以我國資訊電子業為例,國立政治大學會計研究所未出版碩士論文。
吳佳穎,2001,台灣資訊電子產業研究發展活動與公司經營績效之研究,國立交通大學科技管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
吳瓊治,2002,教育訓練績效評估之探討,品質月刊,六月刊:37-41。
李俊賢,2003, 經濟部加工出口區薪資所得與教育之時間序列實證研究,國立中山大學經濟學研究所未出版碩士論文。
李誠等著,2001,高科技產業人力資源管理,台北:天下文化出版社。
周淑儀,2003,人力資本、薪資與組織績效 – 以電子業為例,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
林正銘,2002,人力資源管理活動對組織績效的影響-同期與遞延效果之探討,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
林首毅,2003,人力資源管理活動對組織績效的影響,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士班論文。
林清山,1992,心理與教育統計學,台北:臺灣東華。
洪千惠,1993,企業教育訓練制度與經營績效之相關研究及評估,淡江大學管理科學研究所未出版碩士論文。
徐聯恩譯,2001,人力資源管理經濟分析,台北:五南圖書出版。
張緯良,1996,人力資源管理,台北:華泰出版社。
張靜琪,1999,員工薪資福利對組織績效影響之探討,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
許淑君,1997,競爭策略、人力資源管理系統與組織績效之研究-以國內大型製造業為例,國立中山大學未出版碩士論文。
陳一姍,2002,改善人力 挑戰不景氣- 亞洲12國人力資源大調查,天下雜誌,第262期,80-88。
陳沁怡等,2003,訓練與發展,台北:雙葉書廊。
陳嘉彌等譯,2002,專業發展評鑑,台北:五南圖書出版公司。
勞委會,2002,全國訓練概況調查報告。
黃同圳,1995,教育程度、工作年資與性別對薪資決定之交互作用效果分析,中山管理評論,第三卷第四期,64-75。
黃則智,2002,專利、研發支出與廠商市值─半導體產業之實證研究,國立台灣大學經濟學研究所未出版碩士論文。
黃家齊,2000,人力資源管理系統內部契合與組織績效之關聯性研究:全形理論觀點,中山管理評論,第八卷第三期,511-536。
黃家齊,2002,人力資源管理系統與組織績效—智慧資本觀點,管理學報,第十九卷第三期,415-450。
黃家齊,2003,人力資本投資系統、創新策略與組織績效—多種契合觀點的驗證,管理評論,第二十三卷第一期,99-126。
黃英忠、溫金豐,1995,外在環境與企業教育訓練實施及組織經營績效關係之研究。人力資源學報,第5期,41-62。
黃聖茵,2004,組織之人力資本對市場價值及財務績效影響之研究,國立政治大學會計研究所未出版碩士論文。
溫士賢,2003,研發、廣告與人力支出和企業價值之關聯性探討-以台灣上市上櫃企業為例,國立台灣大學會計學研究所未出版碩士論文。
資策會,2005,MIC經濟部ITIS計畫:2005年3月。
廖純綺,2000,人力資源管理系統、競爭策略與組織績效之研究-兼論本土企業與外資企業之比較,國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
趙必孝,1994,國際企業子公司人力資源管理:策略、控制與績效,國立中山大學企業管理研究所博士論文。
劉正田,2003,企業研發投資與淨值市價比現象。風險管理學報,第五卷第二期,261-258。
歐進士,1998,我國企業研究發展與經營績效關聯之實證研究。中山管理評論,第六卷第二期,357-386。
歐進士等,2004,台灣資訊電子業之訓練活動的企業價值分析。人力資源管理學報,第四卷第四期,51-72。
蔡榮德,2004,研究發展與人力資本對技術效率之影響-台灣通訊與紡織業之比較分析,東海大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
戴幼農,1994,訓練評核的原則與方法。就業與訓練,七月刊,16-22。
簡建忠,1995,人力資源發展,台北:五南圖書出版公司。


二、英文書目
Abraham, K. & Farber, H. (1987). Job Duration, Seniority and Earnings, American Economic Review, 77(4): 278-297.
Alba-Ramirez, A. (1994). Formal Training, Temporary Contracts, Productivity and Wages in Spain. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 56(2): 151-170.
Altonji, J. & Shakotko, R. (1987). Do Wage Rise with Job Seniority? Review of Economic Studies, 54(Nov): 437-459.
Arthur, J. B. (1994). Effects of Human Resources Systems on Manufacturing Performance and Turnover. Academy of Management Journal, 37: 670-687.
ASTD (2005). 2005 State of the Industry Report. Alexandria, VA: The American Society for Training and Development. U.S.A.
Bartel, Ann P. (1989). Formal Employee Training Programs and Their Impact on Labor Productivity: Evidence from a Human Resource Survey. National Bureau of Economic Research (Cambridge, MA) Working Paper No. 3026.
. (1994). Productivity Gains from the Implementation of Employee Training Programs. Industrial Relations 33(4): 411-425.
. (1995). Training, Wage Growth and Job Performance: Evidence from a Company Database. Journal of Labor Economics 13(3): 401-425.
. (2000). Measuring the Employer’s Return on Investments in Training: Evidence from the Literature, Industrial Relations, 39(3): 502-524.
Ballot, G., Taymaz, E. (1993). Firms Sponsored Training and Performance. A Comparison Between France and Sweden Based on Firms Data. 5th EALE Conference, Maastricht Netherlands, Oct. 1-3. (ERMES w.p. 93-09, Univ. Paris II, Paris)
. (1997). The Dynamics of Firms in a Micro-to-Macro Model: The Role of Training, Learning and Innovation. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 7: 435-457.
Ballot, G., Fakhfakh, F., Taymaz, E. (2001). Firms' Human Capital, R&D and Performance: a Study on French and Swedish Firms. Labor Economics, 8: 443-462.
Barrett, A, O’Connell P.J. (2001). Does Training Generally Work? The Returns to In-Company Training. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 54(3): 647-662.
Barron, J.M., Berger, M.C., & Black, D. A. (1993). Do Workers Pay for On-the-job Training? Working Paper No. E-169-93, Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky.
, Black, D.A., & Loewenstein, M.A. (1989). Job Matching and On-the-job Training. Journal of Labor Economics 7(Jan.): 1-19.
Bassi, L.J., van Buren, M.E. (1999). 1999 ASTD State of the Industry Report. Alexandria, VA: The American Society for Training and Development.
Bassi, L.J., van Buren, M.E., et al. (2000). Profiting from Learning: Do Firms’ Investment in Education and Training Pay Off, The American Society for Training and Development. U.S.A.
Becker, B., & Gerhardt, B. (1996). The Impact of Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance: Progress and Prospects, Academy of Management Journal, 39: 779-801.
Becker, B.E., Huselid, M.A.(1998). High Performance Work Systems and Firm Performance: A Synthesis of Research and Managerial Implications. In Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management. 16 (Greenwich, CT: JAI Press), 53-101.
Becker, B.E., Huselid, M.A., & Ulrich, D. (2001). The HR Scorecard: Linking People, Strategy, and Performance. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Bird, A., Beechler, S. (1994). Link Between Business Strategy and Human Resource Management Strategy in U.S. – Based Japanese Subsidiaries: An empirical investigation, Journal of International Business Studies, First Quarterly, 23-46
Bishop, J.H. (1990). Job Performance, Turnover and Wage Growth. Journal of Labor Economics, 8(Jul.): 363-386.
. (1991). On-the-job Training of New Hires. The Market Failure in Training? Edited by Stern, D. & Ritzen, J. M.M., 61-98.
Black, S., Lynch, L. (1996). Human Capital Investments and Productivity. America Economic Review, 86(May): 263-7.
Brown, J. N. (1989). Why Do Wage Increase with Tenure. American Economic Review, 79(5): 971-991.
Bushnell, D. S. (1990). “Input, Process, Output: A Model for Evaluation Training”, Training & Development Journal, 44 (3): 41-43.
Cascio, W. F. (1991). Costing Human Resources: the Financial Impact of Behavior in Organizations, Boston: PWS-Kent.
Cascio, W. F. (1998). Managing Human Resources, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) Annual Survey Report 2005. U.K.
Conti, G. (2005). Training, Productivity and Wages in Italy. Labor Economics, 12: 557-576.  
Corporate University Xchange Sixth Annual Benchmarking Report, Corporate University Xchange. U.S.A.
Delaney, J.T., Huselid, M.A. (1996). The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Perception of Organization Performance. The Academy of Management Journal 39: 949-969.
Delery, J.E., & Doty, D.H. (1996). Modes of Theorizing in Strategic Human Resources Management: Tests of Universalistic, Contingency, and Configurational Performance Prediction, Academy of Management Journal, 39: 802-835.
Eccles, R.G. (1991). The Performance Measurement Manifesto. Harvard Business Review, 69(1): 131-137.
Eseryel, D. (2002). Approaches to Evaluation of Training: Theory and Practice. Education Technology and Society, 5(2): 93-98.
Fey, C.F., Bjorkman, I., & Pavlovskaya, A. (2000). The Effect of Human Resource Management Practices on Firm Performance in Russia, International Journal of Human Resources Management, 11: 1-18.
Fitz-Enz, J. (2000). The ROI of Human Capital: Measuring the Economic Value of Employee Performance. Broadway, NY: AMACOM
Flamholtz, E. & Lacey, J. (1981). Personnel Management, Human Capital Theory, and Human Resource Accounting, LA: Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California.
Flamholtz, Eric (1974). Human Resource Accounting. Encino, CA: Dickenson Publishing.
French, Wendell L. (1994). Human Resource Management, Houghton Mifflin, 3th.
Guskey, T.R. (2000). Evaluating Professional Development. Corwin Press, Inc.
Hall, B.H., Mairesse J. (1995). Exploring the Relationship Between R&D and Productivity in French Manufacturing Firms. Journal of Econometrics, 65: 263-293.
Holzer, H, Block, R, Cheatham, M., & Knott, J. (1993). Are Training Subsidies for Firms Effective? The Michigan Experience. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 46(July): 625-636.
Huselid, M. A. (1995). The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Turnover, Productivity, and Corporate Financial Performance, Academy of Management Journal, 38(3): 635-672.
Ichniowski, C., Shaw, K., & Prennushi, G. (1997). The Effects of Human Resource Management Practices and Productivity: A Study of Steel Finishing
Kaplan, R. S. & Norton, D. P. (1992). The Balance Scorecard – Measures that Drives Performance, Harvard Business Review, 70: 71-79.
Kirkpatrick, D.L. (1959). Techniques for Evaluating Training Programs. Training and Development Journal, 13(11): a four-part series beginning in the Nov. issue.
. (1977). Evaluating Training Programs: Evidence vs. Proof. Training and Development Journal, 31(11): 9-12.
. (1978). Evaluating In-House Training Programs. Training and Development Journal, 32(9): 6-9.
Lazear, E. P. (1998). Personnel Economics for Managers. NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Lepak, D. & Snell, S. (1999). The Human Resource Architecture: Toward a Theory of Human Capital Allocation and Development. Academy of Management Review. 24(1): 31-48.
Lockheed, M. E., Jamison, D. T. and Lau, L. J. (1980). Farmer Education and Farm Efficiency: A Survey. In Timothy King ed. Education and Income. Washington DC: The World Bank Staff Working Paper. 402: 136.
Loewenstein, M.A. & Spletzer, J.R. (1998). Dividing the Costs and Returns to General Training. Journal of Labor Economics, 16(Jan.): 142-171.
MacDuffie, J. P. (1995). Human Resource Bundle and Manufacturing Performance: Organizational Logic and Flexible Production Systems in the World Auto Industry. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 48(2): 197-221.
Meister, J.C. (2000). Learning from the CEO (How Chief Executives Shape Corporate Education), Corporate University Xchange.
Meister, J.C., & Nataf J-C. (2002). Benchmarking Best Practices: Corporate University and Training Department in Europe and the USA, ST Microelectronics, France.
. (2004). The Rise of the High-Performance Learning Organization – Results form the Accenture Learning 2004 Survey of Learning Executives, Accenture Learning, U.S.A.
Mincer, J. (1974). Schooling Experience and Earnings, New York: Columbia University Press for National Bureau of Economic Research.
Molina, J.A. & Ortega, R. (2003). Effects of Employee Training on the Performance of North-American Firms. Applied Economics Letters, 10: 549-552.
Nadler, L. (1970). Developing Human Resources. Huston, TX: Gulf Publishing Co.
Nkomo, S. M. (1987). HR Resource Planning and Organization Performance: An Exploratory Analysis, Strategic Management Journal. 8: 387-392.
Noe, R. A. (1999). Employee Training and Development. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Parnes, H. (1984). People Power: Elements of Human Resource Policy. California: Sage.
Phillips, J. J. (1988). The Development of a Human Resources Effectiveness Index. Ph. D. dissertation.
. (1998). Measuring the Return on Investment in Organization Development: Key Issues and Trends. Organization Development Journal, 16(4): 29-41.
Robbins, S. P. (1978). The Management of HR Resource, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Ruekert, R.W., Walker, O.C., & Roering, K.J. (1985). “The Organization of Marketing Activities: A Contingency Theory of Structure and Performance”, Journal of Marketing, 49: 13-25.
Snell, S.A. & Dean, J. W. (1992). Integrated Manufacturing and Human Resource Management: A Human Capital Perspective, Academy of Management Journal, 35(3): 467-504.
Storey, D.J. (2002). Education, Training and Development Policies and Practices in Medium-sized Companies in the UK: do They Really Influence Firm Performance? The International Journal of Management Science, Omega 30, 249-264.
Stufflebeam, D.L. (1971). The Relevance of the CIPP Evaluation Model for Educational Accountability. Journal of Research and Development in Education, 5(1): 19-25.
Venkatraman, N. & Ramanujam, V. (1986). Measurement of Business Performance on Strategy Research: A Comparison of Approach. Academy of Management Review, 11(4): 801-814.
Youndt, M.A., Snell, S.A., Dean, J.W. & Lepak, D. P. (1996). Human Resource Management, Manufacturing Strategy, and Firm Performance. Academy of Management Journal, 39(4): 836-866.
Zwick, T. (2006). The Impact of Training Intensity on Establishment Productivity. Industrial Relations, 45(1): 26-46.
電子全文 Fulltext
本電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。
論文使用權限 Thesis access permission:校內公開,校外永不公開 restricted
開放時間 Available:
校內 Campus: 已公開 available
校外 Off-campus:永不公開 not available

您的 IP(校外) 位址是 34.239.158.223
論文開放下載的時間是 校外不公開

Your IP address is 34.239.158.223
This thesis will be available to you on Indicate off-campus access is not available.

紙本論文 Printed copies
紙本論文的公開資訊在102學年度以後相對較為完整。如果需要查詢101學年度以前的紙本論文公開資訊,請聯繫圖資處紙本論文服務櫃台。如有不便之處敬請見諒。
開放時間 available 已公開 available

QR Code