Responsive image
博碩士論文 etd-1024106-165557 詳細資訊
Title page for etd-1024106-165557
論文名稱
Title
公共空間縉紳化對年長使用者之休閒影響研究
系所名稱
Department
畢業學年期
Year, semester
語文別
Language
學位類別
Degree
頁數
Number of pages
256
研究生
Author
指導教授
Advisor
召集委員
Convenor
口試委員
Advisory Committee
口試日期
Date of Exam
2006-10-12
繳交日期
Date of Submission
2006-10-24
關鍵字
Keywords
休閒阻礙、縉紳化、年長者、質性研究、公園使用
qualitative research, park usage, the elderly, gentrification, leisure constraints
統計
Statistics
本論文已被瀏覽 5788 次,被下載 2841
The thesis/dissertation has been browsed 5788 times, has been downloaded 2841 times.
中文摘要
本研究由「公共空間縉紳化」的觀點來探討都市公共空間變遷下對年長公園使用者的影響。研究由縉紳化相關理論探討出發,發展出本研究「公共空間縉紳化」的操作型定義,並以之為基礎,檢視在高雄市城市光廊建設後,對年長公園使用者造成的影響,以及年長者公園使用情形。

本研究之研究目的:一、分析在中央公園公共空間縉紳化現象下,年長者對中央公園與城市光廊縉紳化以及商業化的感受,以及此現象對其造成的影響;二、了解中央公園年長者對中央公園的領域感與歸屬感;三、了解公園對年長使用者的利益,以及年長者對公園的需求。

為了深度了解年長公園使用者的感受,以及達到本研究探索性研究的目的,本研究採質性研究方式,對高雄市中央公園與城市光廊22位年長公園使用者以及城市光廊店家進行深度訪談,並將所蒐集的資料加以譯碼及分析。

本研究結果發現:一、本研究所定義之公共空間縉紳化現象確實存在,但其對使用者的衝擊較縉紳化小且差異大;二、城市光廊建設後,年長者減少,可能破壞其原有的社會網絡。此外,城市光廊的「噪音」與「消費」是造成年長者休閒阻礙的因素;三、年長者與年輕人在空間使用上不會互相衝突,但也「不會一起活動」。年長者對中央公園以及其聚集處沒有強烈的領域感,但具有歸屬感;四、中央公園提供年長者的利益包括:打發時間、與朋友聊天、紓解壓力、增進健康。研究結果也發現年長者對公園提供自然環境的強烈需求。

後續研究建議可以針對弱勢族群對空間使用採用觀察法,或量化方式比較與本研究的差異;在政府方面,則建議政府未來規劃設計時能主動與年長使用者建立更直接的溝通管道,以了解年長者的公園使用需求。
Abstract
目次 Table of Contents
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機………………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………………2
第三節 研究限制與範圍………………………………………………………2
第四節 研究內容………………………………………………………………3
第五節 名詞解釋………………………………………………………………4
第二章 文獻回顧與案例比較
第一節 縉紳化概論……………………………………………………………7
第二節 都市公共空間使用的公平性、領域感與歸屬感……………………21
第三節 休閒阻礙相關理論……………………………………………………26
第四節 年長者公園使用型態與偏好…………………………………………44
第五節 案例比較………………………………………………………………59
第六節 小結……………………………………………………………………64
第三章 研究方法
第一節 質性研究法……………………………………………………………65
第二節 深度訪談方式的選擇…………………………………………………67
第三節 資料蒐集與操作方式…………………………………………………68
第四節 擬定訪談大綱…………………………………………………………72
第五節 中央公園與城市光廊之變遷與現況…………………………………75
第四章 訪談分析
第一節 年長者對城市光廊縉紳化現象的感受………………………………85
第二節 年長者城市光廊與中央公園使用情形與經驗分析…………………93
第三節 城市光廊與中央公園造成年長使用者休閒阻礙因素分析………99
第四節 中央公園與城市光廊年長使用者的空間使用、領域感與歸屬感
分析…………………………………………………………………106
第五節 公園使用對中央公園年長使用者的利益與年長者對未來中央公
園的需求分析……………………………………………………… 113
第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論…………………………………………………………………121
第二節 建議…………………………………………………………………125

參考文獻………………………………………………………………………129
附錄一 年長者訪談紀錄……………………………………………………139
附錄二 城市光廊店家訪談紀錄…………………………………………249
參考文獻 References
一、中文部分

王仕圖、吳慧敏(2005)。深度訪談與案例演練。載於齊力、林本炫(編),質性
研究方法與資料分析(2版),97-116。嘉義縣:南華大學教育社會研究所。
朱柔若(譯)(2000)。W. L. Neuman著。社會研究方法:質化與量化取向。台
北市:揚智文化。
佚名。扶輪公園。2006年8月3日,取自
http://www.hhps.kh.edu.tw/%B6m%A4g%B1%D0%A7%F7/pic/N.htmhttp://www.hhps.kh.edu.tw/%B6m%A4g%B1%D0%A7%F7/pic/N.htm
佚名。高雄老照片網站。2006年8月3日,取自http://163.32.121.67/main.html
李素馨(1997)。都市女性休閒類型和休閒阻礙。戶外遊憩研究,10(1),43-68。
李嘉慶(2001)。屏東縣偏遠地區國小教師休閒運動參與現況與動機之調查研究。
國立台灣體育學院體育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北縣。
空間雜誌編輯室(1997)。台北市中山十四、十五號公園預定地紀事。空間雜誌,
97,21-29。
吳芝儀、廖梅花(譯)(2001)。A. Strauss & J. Corbin著。質性研究入門:紮根
理論研究方法。嘉義市:濤石文化。
青年樂生聯盟(2006)。樂生院完整說明。2006年5月3日,取自
http://www.wretch.cc/blog/happylosheng&article_id=3528457
林錫玹(2001)。我在城市光廊等你。高雄畫刊,44-49。
林熹俊(2002)。高雄城市光廊的經驗。空間雜誌,141/142,58-68。
林佳蓉(2001)。老人生活滿意模式之研究。國立體育學院體育研究所碩士論文,
未出版,台北市。
林佳蓉(2002)。台灣地區老人休閒參與和休閒阻礙之研究。國立體育學院論叢,
12(3),59-76。
胡文雄(2003)。高雄市立中山體育場與第十六屆省運會。高市文獻,16(1),
163-179。
胡幼慧(1996)。質性研究:理論、方法即本土女性研究實例。台北市:巨流。
畢恆達(1996)。物情物語。臺北市:張老師文化。
徐宗國(譯)(1997)。A. Strauss & J. Corbin著。質性研究概論。台北市:巨流。
孫清山(譯)(2004)。M. Savage & A. Warde著。都市社會學。台北市:五南。
高雄市政府捷運工程局(2005年7月15日)。中央公園動工典禮。高雄市政府
捷運工程局新聞稿。2006年6月19日,取自
http://www.kcg.gov.tw/~mtbu/html/news/94071501.htm
夏鑄九(2002年,11月25日)。重讀寶藏巖。中國時報,39版。
國立中山大學公共事務管理研究所(2001)。中央公園整體改善計畫。(高雄市政
府工務局委託規劃報告)
陳怡如(2002)。單身女性輔導教師休閒體驗之研究。國立高雄師範大學輔導研
究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
葉建甫(1999)。一個商業造街的形塑與蛻變──由「仕紳化」角度看台中市精明
一街。東海大學建築學系碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
陳宛茜(2006年,6月12日)。捍衛樂生百人六步一跪抗議。聯合報,A10版。
陳思倫(1993)。休閒遊憩參與阻礙區隔之研究。戶外遊憩研究,6(3),25-52。
陳振聲(2004)。銀髮族自覺健康狀況與休閒阻礙關係之研究──以團體國外旅
遊為例。國立台北護理學院碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
黃啟龍(2001)。網路上的公共領域實踐──以弱勢社群網站為例。世新大學傳播
研究所論文,未出版,台北市。
陳漢志(2002)。台灣中部地區老年人休閒參與阻礙與休閒教育需求之調查研究。
國立體育學院論叢,12(2),77-90。
黃文卿、林晏州(1998)。深度訪談之理論與技巧—以陽明山國家公園由原專車
推動為例。國家公園學報,8(2),166-178。
曾玉昆(1989)。十里宛賓王家的前金區。高雄畫刊,9,10-16。
游秀琳(1996)。迪化街(大有里)仕紳化與再發展研究。國立中興大學都市計
劃研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
董香欗(2002)。中年女性家庭照顧者休閒生活之研究。國立高雄師範大學成人
教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
湯熙勇(1999)。台北市十四、十五號公園預定地住戶口述歷史出版紀錄介紹。
台北文獻,129,137-164。
齊力(2005)。質性研究方法概論。載於齊力、林本炫(編)。質性研究方法與資
料分析(2版),1-20。嘉義縣:南華大學教育社會學研究所。
楊登雅(2002)。休閒阻礙階層模式之驗證──以Crawford & Godbey之休閒阻
礙三因子為例。國立台灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
潘淑滿(2003)。質性研究:理論與應用。台北市,心理。
蕭秀玲、莊慧秋、黃漢耀(譯)(1991)。環境心理學。台北市:心理。
顏亮一(1999年8月13日)。都市計劃必然是古蹟與弱勢族群的掘墓人嗎?台
灣都市規劃學界的問題。南方電子報。2006年6月19日,取自
http://bbs.nsysu.edu.tw/txtVersion/treasure/tmm/M.912179800.A/M.916166941.
A/M.942948496.A.html
寶藏巖共生藝術村,(2006)。寶藏巖共生藝術村簡介。2006年2月27日,取自
http://blog.yam.com/thcoop/archives/cat_153884.html

二、英文部分

Akinson, R. (2000). Measuring gentrification and displacement in greater London.
Urban Studies, 37(1), 149-165.
Akinson, R. (2002). Does gentrification help or harm urban neighborhoods? An
assessment of the evidence-base in the context of the new urban agenda. Paper 5.
Glasgow: ESRC Centre for Neighbourhood Research.
Akinson, R. (2004). The evidence on the impact of gentrification: new lessons for the
urban renaissance? European Journal of Housing Policy, 4(1), 107-131.
Alexandris, K., & Carroll, B. (1997). Demographic differences in the perception of
constraints on recreational sport participation: results from a study in Greece.
Leisure Studies, 16(2), 107-125.
Aldwin, C. M., Sutton, K. J., Chiara, G., & Spiro, A. (1996). Age differences in stress
coping and appraisal: findings from the normative aging study. Journal of
Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 51B(4), 179-188.
Alejandrino, S. V. (2000), Gentrification in San Francisco’s Mission District:
Indicators and Policy Recommendations. Mission Economic Development Association.
Altman, I., & Chemers, M. (1980). Culture and environment. Monterey, CA:
Brooks/Cole Publish Co.
Badcock, B. (1989). An Australian view of the rent gap hypothesis. Annals of the
Association of American Geographers. 79(1), 125-145.
Beauregard, R. A. (1986). The chaos and complexity of gentrification. In N. Smith &
P. Williams (Eds.), Gentrification of the city. (pp. 35-55). Boston: Allen &
Unwin.
Bondi, L. (1991). Gender divisions and gentrification: a critique. Transactions of the
Institute of British Geographers, 16(2), 190-198.
Bounds, M., & Morris A. (2006). Second wave gentrification in inner-city Sydney.
Cities, 23(2), 99-108.
Brown, B. B. (1987) Territoriality. In D. Stokols & I. Altman (Eds.), Handbook of
environmental psychology. (pp. 505-531). New York : Wiley.
Buchanan, T., & Allen, L. R. (1985). Barriers to recreation participation in later life
cycle stages. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 19(3), 39-50.
Caulfield, J. (1989). Gentrification and desire. Canadian Review of Social
Anthropology, 26(6), 16-32.
Coleman, D. (1993). Leisure based social support, leisure dispositions and health.
Journal of Leisure Research, 25, 350-361.
Coleman, D., & Iso-Ahola, S. E. (1993). Leisure and health: the role of social support
and self-determination. Journal of Leisure Research, 25, 111-128.
Clark, E. (1988). The rent-gap and transformation of the built environment: case
studies in Malmo 1860-1985. Geografiska Annaler, 70B, 241-254.
Clark, T.N., Lloyd, R., Wong, K.K., & Jain, P. (2002). Amenities drive urban growth.
Journal of Urban Affairs, 24(5), 493-515.
Cranz, G. (1978). The changing roles of urban parks: from pleasure garden to
open-space system. Landscape, 22(3), 9-18.
Cranz, G. (1982). The politics of park design: a history of urban parks in America.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Crawford, D. W., & Godbey, G. C. (1987). Reconceptualizing barriers to family
leisure. Leisure Sciences, 9, 119-127.
Crawford, D.W., Jackson, E. L., & Godbey, G. C. (1991). A hierachical model of
leisure constraints. Leisure Sciences, 13, 309-320.
Crespo, J., Keteyian, S. J., Heath, G. W. (1996). Leisure-time physical activity among
US adults. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 14(5), 659-
Crompton, J. L., & Kim, S. S. (2004). Temporal changes in perceived constraints to
visiting state park. Journal of Leisure Research, 36(2), 160-182.
Dishman, R. K. (1988). Determinants of physical activity and exercise for persons 65
years of age and older. American Academy of Physical Education Papers,
22,140-162.
Ergun, N. (2004). Gentrification in Istanbul. Cities, 21(5), 391-405.
Fleischer, A. & Pizam, A. (2002). Tourism constraints among Israeli seniors. Annals
of Tourism Research, 29(1), 106-123.
Freeman, L. & Braconi, F. (2004). Gentrification and displacement in New York City.
Journal of the American Planning Association, 70(1), 39-52.
Gale, D. E. (1980). Neighborhood resettlement: Washington, D. C.. In S. B. Laska &
D. Spain (Eds), Back to the city: issues in neighborhood renovation. (pp 95-115).
New York : Pergamon Publishing Co..
Gentrification. (n. d.). Retrieved June 22, 2006, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gentrification
Godbey, G. (1985). Non-use of public leisure services: a model. Journal of Park and
Recreation Administration, 3, 1-12.
Godbey, G., & Blazey, M. (1983). Old people in urban parks: an exploratory
investigation. Journal of Leisure Research, 15(3), 229-244.
Godbey, G., Graefe, A., & James S. W. (1992). The benefits of local recreation and
park services: a nationwide study of the perceptions of the American public. Arlington, VA: National Recreation and Park Association.
Godbey, G., Panye, L. L., & Orsega-Smith, E. (2001). Increasing physical activity
among older adults. Retrieved May 15, 2006, from NCPPA: http://
www.ncppa.org/Godbey-Congress_final.pdf
Ha, S. -K. (2004). Housing renewal and neighborhood changes as a gentrification
process in Seoul. Cities, 21(5), 381-389.
Hall, E. T. (1966). The hidden dimension. Garden City, N.Y. : Doubleday.
Hamnett, C. (1991). The blind men and the elephant: the explanation of gentrification.
Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 16(2), 173-189.
Hamnett, C., & Randolph, B. (1988). Cities, housing and profits. London:
Hutchinson.
Henderson, K. A., (1996). One size doesn't fit all: the meanings of women's leisure.
Journal of Leisure Research , 28(3), 139-154.
Hidalgo M. C., & Hernandaz, B., (2001). Place attachment: conceptual and empirical
questions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21(3), 273-281.
Ho, C. -H., Payne, L., Orsega-Smith, E., & Godbey, G. (2003). Parks, recreation and
public health. Parks and Recreation, 38(4), 18-26.
Howard, D., & Crompton, J. (1984). Who are the consumers of public park and
recreation services? An analysis of the users and non-users of three municipal
leisure service organizations. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration,
2(3), 33-48.
Hull, R. B., & Michael, S. E. (1995). Nature-based recreation, mood change, and
stress restoration. Leisure Sciences, 17, 1-14.
Hulstman, W. (1995). Recognizing patterns of leisure contraints: An extention of the
exploration of dimentionality. Jouranl of Leisure Research, 27(3), 228-244.
Hutchison, R. (1994). Women and the elderly in Chicago’s public parks. Leisure
Sciences, 16, 229-247.
Iso-Ahola, S., & Manell, R. (1985). Social & psychological constraints on leisure. In
M. G. Wade (Ed), Constraints on leisure. (pp.111-154). Springfield, IL: C.C.
Thomas.
Iso-Ahola, S. E., & Park, C. J. (1995). Leisure-related social support and
self-determination as buffers of stress-illness relationship. Journal of Leisure Research, 28(3), 169-187.
Jackson, E. L., (1988). Leisure constraints: a survey of past research. Leisure
Sciences, 10, 203-215.
Jackson, E. L., (1993). Recognizing patterns of leisure constraints: results from alternative analyses, Journal of Leisure Research, 25(2), 129-149.
Jackson, E. L., Crawford, D.W., & Godbey, G. C. (1993). Negotiation of leisure constraints. Leisure Sciences, 15, 1-11
Jones, C. D., Paterson, M. E., & Hammitt, W. E. (2000). Evaluating the construct
validity of sense of belonging as a measure of landscape perception. Journal of
Leisure Research, 32(4), 383-395.
Kaplan, R., & Kaplan, S. (1989). The experience of nature: a psychological
perspective. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Kay, T., & Jackson, G. (1991). Leisure despite constraint: the impact f leisure
constraints on leisure participation. Journal of Leisure Research, 23,301-313.
Kohrt, W. M., Malley., M. T., Coggan. A. R., Spina, R. J., Ogawa, T., Ehsani, A. A. et
al. (2002). Effects of gender, age, and fitness level on response of VO2max to
training in 60-71 yr olds. Journal of Applied Psysiology, 71, 2004-2011.
Laska, S. B., & Spain, D. (Eds). (1980). Back to the city: issues in neighborhood
renovation. New York : Pergamon Publishing Co..
Lees, L. (1994). Rethinking gentrification: beyond the positions of economics or
culture. Progress in Human Geography, 18(2), 137-150.
Lemon, B. W., Bengtson, V. L., & Peterson, J. A. (1972). An exploration of the
activity theory of aging: activity types and life satisfaction among in-movers to a
retirement community. Journal of gerontology, 27(4), 511-523.
Lenartsson, C., & Silverstein, M. (2001). Does engagement with life enhance survival
of elderly people in Sweden? The role of social and leisure activities. Journal of
Gerontology: Social Sciences, 56B, 335-342.
Mannell, R.C., & Kleiber, D.A. (1999). A social psychology of leisure. State College,
PA: Venture.
McGuire, F. A. (1984). A factor analytic study of leisure constraints in advanced
adulthood. Leisure Sciences, 6(3), 313-326.
McGuire, F. A., Dottavio, D., & O’Leary, J. T. (1986). Constraints to participation in
outdoor recreation across the life span: a nationwide study of limitors and prohibitors. The Gerontologist, 26(5), 538-544.
McGuire, F. A., & O'Leary, J. (1992). The implications of leisure constraint research
for the delivery of leisure services. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 10, 31-40.
Millard-Ball, A. (2000). Moving beyond the gentrification gaps: social change, tenure
change and gap theories in Stockholm. Urban studies, 37(9), 1673-1693.
More, T. A. (2002a). “The parks are being loved to death” and other frauds and
deceits in recreation management. Journal of Leisure Research, 34(1), 52-78.
More, T. A. (2002b). The marginal user as the justification for public recreation: a
rejoinder to Crompton, Driver and Dustin. Journal of Leisure Research, 34(1),
103-118.
More, T. A., & Payne, B. R. (1978). Affective responses to natural areas near cities.
Journal of Leisure Research, 10(1), 7-12.
Morley, D. (2001). Belongings: place, space and identity in a mediated world.
European Journal of Cultural Studies, 4(4), 425-448.
Munt, I. (1987). Economic restructuring, culture, and gentrification: a case study in
Battersea, London. Environment and Planning A, 19, 1175-1197.
Nelson, K. P. (1988). Gentrification and distressed cities: an assessment of trends in
intrametropolitan migration. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
Orsega-Smith, E., Mowen, A. J., Payne, L. L., & Godbey, G. (2004). The iinteraction
of stress and park use on psycho-physiological health in older adults. Journal of Leisure Research, 36(2), 232-256.
Palen, J. J. & London, B. (Eds). (1984). Gentrification, displacement, and
neighborhood revitalization. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Parsons, R., Tasssinary, L. G., Ulrich, R. S., Hebl, M. R., & Grossman-Alexander M.
(1998). Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18(2), 113-139.
Payne, L., Orsega-Smith, E., Godbey, G., & Roy, M. (1998). Local parks and the
health of older adults. Parks and Recreation, 33(10), 64-70.
Payne, L. L., Mowen, A. J., & Orsega-Smith, E. (2002). An examination of park
preferences and behaviors among urban residents: the role of residential location, race, and age. Leisure Sciences, 24, 181-198.
Raymore, L. A., Godbey, G. C., & Crawford, D. W. (1994). Self-esteem, gender, and
socieconomic status: their relation to perceptions of constraint on leisure among
adolescents. Journal of Leisure Research, 26(2), 99-118.
Raymore, L. & Scott, D. (1998). The characteristics and activities of older adult
visitors to a metropolitan park district. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 16(4), 1-21.
Robinson, J. P., & Godbey, G. (1997). Time for life: the surprising ways Americans
use their time. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Rowe, J. W., & Kahn, R. L. (1998). Successful Aging. New York, NY: Dell
Publishing.
Sallis, J. F., Bauman, A., & Pratt, M. (1998). Environmental and policy interventions
to promote physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 15(4), 379-397.
Samdahl, D. M. & Jekubovich, N. J. (1997). A critique of leisure constraints:
comparative analyses and understandings. Journal of Leisure Research, 29(4),
430-452.
Seamon, D. (1979). A geography of the lifeworld: movement, rest, and encounter.
New York: St. Martin's Press.
Searle, M. S., & Jackson, E. L. (1985a). Recreation non-participation and barriers to participation: concepts and models. Society and Leisure, 8(2), 693-707.
Searle, M. S., & Jackson, E. L. (1985b). Socio-economic variations in perceived barriers to recreation participation among would-be participants. Leisure Sciences, 7(2) ,227-249.
Scott, D., & Jackson, E.L. (1996). Factors that limit and strategies that might
encourage people's use of public parks. Journal of Park and Recreation
Administration, 14(1), 1-17.
Scott, D., & Kim, C. (1998). Outdoor recreation participation and barriers to
involvement. Technical report submitted to Texas Parks and Wildlife Department.
Retrieved May 15, 2006, from
http://scholar.google.com.tw/url?sa=U&q=http://rptsweb.tamu.edu/TPWD/scott.
pdf
Scott, D., & Willits, F. K. (1998). Adolescent and adult leisure patterns: a
reassessment. Journal of Leisure Research, 30(3), 319-330.
Smith, N. (1979). Gentrification and capital: theory, practice and ideology in society
hill. Antipode, 11(3), 24-35.
Smith, N. (1996). The new urban frontier: gentrification and the revanchist city.
London: Routledge.
Smith, N., & Williams, P. (Eds.). (1986). Gentrification of the city. Boston: Allen &
Unwin.
Talbot, J. F., & Kaplan, R. (1991). The benefits of nearby nature for elderly apartment
residents. The Iinternational Journal of Aging & Human Development, 33(2), 119-130.
Taylor, R. B. (1988) Human territorial functioning: an empirical, evolutionary
perspective on individual and small group territorial cognitions, behaviors, and
consequences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Taylor, D. (1999). Central Park as a model for social control: urban parks, social class
and leisure behavior in nineteenth century America. Journal of Leisure Research,
31(4), 420-477.
Tinsley, H. E. A., Tinsley, D. J., & Croskeys, C. E. (2002). Park usage social milieu,
and psychological benefits of park use reported by older urban park users from four ethnic groups. Leisure Sciences, 24, 199-218.
Tuan, Y. (1980). Rootedness versus sense of place. Landscape, 24(1), 3-8.
Williams, B. (1988). Upscaling downtown: stalled gentrification in Washington,
D. C.. New York: Cornell University Press.
Zukin, S. (1987). Gentrification: culture and capital in the urban core. Annual Review
of Sociology, 13, 129-147.
Zukin, S. (1990). Socio-spatial prototypes of a new organization of consumption: the
role of real cultural capital. Sociology, 24(1), 37-56.
電子全文 Fulltext
本電子全文僅授權使用者為學術研究之目的,進行個人非營利性質之檢索、閱讀、列印。請遵守中華民國著作權法之相關規定,切勿任意重製、散佈、改作、轉貼、播送,以免觸法。
論文使用權限 Thesis access permission:校內外都一年後公開 withheld
開放時間 Available:
校內 Campus: 已公開 available
校外 Off-campus: 已公開 available


紙本論文 Printed copies
紙本論文的公開資訊在102學年度以後相對較為完整。如果需要查詢101學年度以前的紙本論文公開資訊,請聯繫圖資處紙本論文服務櫃台。如有不便之處敬請見諒。
開放時間 available 已公開 available

QR Code