||In respond to series of cutting defense expenditures which take place in NATO member states due to the European financial crisis, NATO proposed the Smart Defense initiative in Chicago summit in 2012. NATO attempts to react to the confronting economic cutback in order to avoid a bigger threat which jeopardizes NATO operations through mutual cooperation and coordinating considerable resource from members. The whole theme about this thesis is how NATO deals with this crisis by adopting Smart Defense strategy, for NATO has no rich experience of tackling such economic challenges. To clarify differences between smart defense strategy and past strategy and to emphasize the defining feature of smart defense strategy, the thesis first up examining transition in NATO strategy by combing through official papers of annual NATO summit began from 1991 to 2010. Secondly, the thesis presents the defining contents of smart defense via researching its actual practice. At last, the specific features of smart defense will be illustrate through in comparison with EU’s Pooling & Sharing. |
Summarized below are findings from research studies that first in the strategic level, given the background of in which the Smart Defense initiative emerges, this strategy is definitely adopting resource in efficient way to sustain the military strength instead of strengthening and augmenting its military force which past strategy entails. Second level comes the practice, in light of the current financial challenges, member states are more willing to accept cooperation and coordination under the smart defense framework which makes this strategy get easier than before to practice. At last, in the level of comparison, it can be argued that Smart Defense is more open than the EU’s Pooling & Sharing to cooperate with non-members states. Furthermore, in terms of function, Smart Defense focus on integrating military force, while Pooling & Sharing tends to concentrate on reserve service supply capability.