||In 2011, Thein Sein, the incumbent president of Myanmar implemented a series of reforms and opening up policies, which led many scholars and experts to believe that Myanmar was moving towards democratic reforms. However, other scholars contended that despite the considerable level of reforms and opening up, the essence of Myanmar’s political regime is still military. This highlights the divergent views and interpretations experts hold on the current and future issues of Myanmar. Even though political reform is a reality in Myanmar, it is also necessary to point out that the Myanmar government does not have the capacity to solve its domestic issues, hence the growing importance of NGOs.|
Dealing with the emergence of NGOs in Myanmar, our research is based on three level of analysis: the natural disaster caused by the Cyclone Nargis, the ethnic minorities and the construction of dams. We discuss the impact of these three issues on the Myanmar society and investigate how the NGOs intervene to solve them. First of all, we will thoroughly look at the development of these three issues, the negative impact of the Myanmar government and its inability to solve the domestic issues. Secondly, from the perspective of “NGOs”, we will explore the contribution of the “international” and the “domestic” NGOs to these three issues. Finally, from the perspective of the Transnational Advocacy Network (TAN), we will discuss the relation between the international and domestic NGOs and the content of their cooperation on issues related to the Cyclone Nargis, the ethnic minority, and the construction of dams in Myanmar. The content of their cooperation will be summarized into three different types, i.e “aid and compensation type”, “project type”, and “demand type”. This will show how the international and domestic NGOs work together in a context of mutual needs to deal with the domestic issues of the Myanmar society.