### Title page for etd-0124111-164137

URN etd-0124111-164137 Ting-pang Chang changdb@mail.math.nsysu.edu.tw This thesis had been viewed 5204 times. Download 1017 times. Applied Mathematics 2010 1 Ph.D. English The hamiltonian numbers of graphs and digraphs 2011-01-19 59 hamiltonian number hamiltonian cycle double loop network The hamiltonian number problem is a generalization of hamiltonian cycle problem in graph theory. It is well known that the hamiltonian cycle problem in graph theory is NP-complete [16]. So the hamiltonian number problem is also NP-complete. On the other hand, the hamiltonian number problem is the traveling salesman problem with each edge having weight 1.A hamiltonian walk of a graph G is a closed spanning walk of minimum length. The length of a hamiltonian walk in G is called the hamiltonian number. For graphs, we give some bounds for hamiltonian numbers of graphs. First, we improve some results in [14] and give a necessary and sufficient condition for h(G) < e(G) where e(G) is the minimum length of a closed walk passing through all edges of G. Next, we prove that if two nonadjacent vertices u and v satisfying that deg(u)+deg(v) ≥ |G|, then h(G) = h(G + uv). This result generalizes a theorem of Bondy and Chv′atal for the hamiltonian cycle. Finally, we show that if 0 ≤ k ≤ n − 2 and G is a 2-connected graph of order n satisfying deg(u) + deg(v) + deg(w) ≥ 3n−k−2 for every independent set {u, v,w} of three vertices in G, then h(G) ≤ n+k. It is a generalization of a Bondy’s result.For digraphs, we give some bounds for hamiltonian numbers of digraphs first. We prove that if a digraph D of order n is strongly connected, thenn ≤ h(D) ≤ ⌊(n+1)^2/4 ⌋. Next, we also present some digraphs of order n ≥ 5 which have hamiltonian number k for n ≤ k ≤ ⌊(n+1)^2/4 ⌋. Finally, we study hamiltonian numbers of M‥obius double loop networks. We introduce M‥obius double loop network and every strongly connected double loop network is isomorphic to some M‥obius double loop network. Next, we give an upper bound for the hamiltonian numbers of M‥obius double loop networks. Then, we find some necessary and sufficient conditions for M‥obius double loop networks MDL(d, m, ℓ) to have hamiltonian numbers dm, dm + 1 or dm + 2. Ko-Wei Lih - chair Dah-Jyh Guan - co-chair Gerard Jennhwa Chang - co-chair Xuding Zhu - co-chair Sen-Peng Eu - co-chair Tsai-Lien Wong - co-chair Hong-Gwa Yeh - co-chair Li-Da Tong - advisor indicate accessible in a year 2011-01-24

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