||Study of Taiwanese “National” Curriculum in Japanese Colonial Period|
The purpose of this study is to discuss the foundation and influence of elementary school curriculum in Japanese Colonial Period in Taiwan and to provide further explanations for the manipulation from the power relationships at that time. First, this paper critically reviews those contributions from Marx, Gramsci and Apple to build up the analysis scaffold of national curriculum principles. Then it discusses the role of dominant structures and elementary schools through Taiwanese economic evolution in that period. Further more, it shows the knowledge features of elementary school textbooks by the content of subjects such as Japanese, Moral, Geography and History courses. The results confirm that national curriculum in Japanese Colonial Period in Taiwan provides a platform for ideology manipulation from the dominant, it is not only a set of knowledge content but also something which hiding with the figure of national power at it’s back.
Keywords: Hegemony, National curriculum, Elementary school, Textbook