||This work increased the value of ferrite process (FP) in three directions: firstly, changed the inferiority of FP on cost by transforming the FP sludge into a catalyst; secondly, used ERFP and elutriation to promote the performance of FP; thirdly, developed Fenton oxidation as a pretreatment step for avoiding the interference from chelating agents.|
Six ferrite catalysts (MxFe(3-x)O4, M = Cu, Zn, Mn, Ni, Cr or Fe) formed from FP were tested. Experimental results indicate that the Cu-ferrite catalyst with a Cu/Fe ratio of 1/2.5 can completely convert CO to CO2 at an inlet CO concentration of 4000 ppm and a space velocity of 6000 hr-1 were held at 140℃. The catalytic performance of Cu-ferrite did not reduce even when the concentration of O2 was just 1%. This work proves that the ferrite catalysts have good potential for catalyzing oxidation.
For developing FP for effectively treating almost all heavy metal waste liquid, hence an extremely difficult treating target- simulated waste liquid was designed. It contains ten heavy metals - Cd, Pb, Cu, Cr, Zn, Ag, Hg, Ni, Sn and Mn, each at a concentration of 0.002 M. Although conventional FP could not be used to treat the simulated waste liquid completely, the enhanced FP, i.e. ERFP, could be used to satisfy regulatory limits. FeSO4 can be added in the extended stage of ERFP intermittently rather than continuously. The optimum operating parameters in the initial stage are pH = 9 , FeSO4 dosage = 0.2 mol/L, temperature = 90 oC, air supply rate = 3 L/min/L and reaction time = 40 min; in the extended stage, they are intermittent dosing, adding 10 mL 1M-FeSO4 solution per liter waste liquid every 5 min, pH = 9, temperature = 90 oC, air supply rate = 3 L/min/L and reaction time = 80min. Elutriation was conducted to reduce the cost of ERFP and ensure that the sludge met Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) standards. An operating pH from 2.88 to 4 and an elutriation time of 6 h were recommended.
Used Fenton oxidation to decompose chelating agent in waste liquid and then treated heavy metal by FP, this research showed that under proper operational conditions Fenton/ ERFP could completely solve the chelating agent interference problem. The best condition for decreasing EDTA using the Fenton method was: pH = 2, ferrous ion initial concentration [Fe2+]0 = 1×10-2M, hydrogen peroxide addition rate = 5×10-4 mol/min/L and reaction time = 10 min.
Lastly, a lot of real waste liquids were treated satisfactorily by applying the results of this study.