||The positions of high stress concentration in a bicycle frame structure made in composite materials and a way to strengthen them were investigated via SolidWorks and ANSYS, 3D picture plotting software, and numerical simulation software, respectively. The capability of productivity will be improved indirectly due to the shortening of the time in the process of customers’ order, research, development and mass production.|
In experiment, prepreg tape (TOHO UT500 carbon fiber/AD. Group matrix) which were produced by AD. Group were made into laminates by hot-pressing machine. The material constants of the laminate and the stress-strain diagram were obtained according to the stander of ASTM D3039. The received material constants are E11 =151.55 GPa and E22 = 7.654 GPa, respectively.
In simulation, the experimental data E11 and E22 were used in the numerical analysis, and obtained the stress and deformation fields of the bicycle frame structure and the front fork were plotted based on the standards provided by AD. Group. Reinforcements were made according to the positions of stress concentration in the diagrams. The results of improvements of the front fork after reinforcement include： the deformation of normal rigidity was improved to 9.45mm from 12.89mm, and the lateral deformation was significantly improved to 0.97mm from 13mm. Other improvements of the frame structure after reinforcement contain the deformation: dual-side rigidity was improved to 6.6mm from 11.7mm, and the deformation of single-side rigidity was improved to 12.5mm. The rigidity of the head lug was 0.46mm and there is no need to reinforce it because it was meets requirements.
Keywords: Numerical analysis, bicycle frame, prepreg, stress concentration.