||In the literatures of investigating the coupling mechanism between laser diodes and fibers, Gaussian beam profile was used to describe the propagation of laser beams. But the real laser diode beams exist astigmatism. In order to understand the distributions of real laser diode beams, we used single-mode fiber interferometer to measure the near-field intensity and phase distributions of laser diodes. The nanometer aperture of taper fiber was used to scan through the horizontal and vertical directions across the maximal intensity point of the planes which were perpendicular to propagation axis to measure the intensity and phase distributions of laser diodes. In the measurement of phase distributions, these two single-mode fibers produced interference fringes through accepting laser beams. When the taper fiber scanned the optical field and the reference fiber kept a fixed distance from a laser diode for a stationary phase, the interference fringes shifted because of the phase difference of laser diodes change. In the measurement, in order to improve the stability of interference fringes and consider the aperture of taper fiber, we altered some experiment frameworks. There were four types of experimental framework. |
According to the experiment results of the near-field measurements, the measured beam widths along the horizontal and vertical directions at the laser diode facet were 4.11 μm and 1.57 μm respectively. The measured wavefront radius curvature were 6.59 μm and 2.96 μm in horizontal axis and vertical axis respectively. After Gaussian beam fitting, the beam widths along the horizontal and vertical directions at the laser diode facet were 4.04 μm and 0.83 μm respectively. The difference in beam widths between measured values and Gaussian fitting were 0.07 μm and 0.74 μm. The measured beam widths and the Gaussian beam curve fitting had similar results. We could see that the beam spread tendency in the z-axis for the laser beam which propagated in the z direction. In the phase distribution measurement, the measured wavefront radius curvatures and the theoretically calculated Gaussian beam values had a slight difference. The calculated wavefront radius curvatures at the laser diode facet were 11921.51 μm and 3.48 μm in horizontal axis and vertical axis respectively. They were 1809 times and 1.2 times of the measured values. The aperture of taper fiber was expanded because of the energy of laser beams, which also caused the spatial resolution degeneration. Moreover, the wavefront radius curvature in horizontal direction was biggish so the measurement framework also limited the ability of the phase distribution measurement. The above points were the reasons to cause the error of the phase distribution measurement. Furthermore, the measurement of the laser diode facet is under investigation.