||Angiogenesis is not only essential for tumor growth but is also implicated in invasion of the cancer cells into the circulation, and growth of dormant micro-metastases into frank metastatic lesions. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in angiogenesis as well as in solid tumors. It also has a role for VEGF in hematopoietic neoplasms; although has not been fully elucidated. This study will examine the VEGF secretary activity of malignant cells in the patients with hematologic malignancies. Supernatants of cell culture after 72 hours & 7th day were analyzed for VEGF value by ELISA method. The purposes of this study are to assay the VEGF activity and its correlation with disease prognosis in various hematological disorders; and to detect the VEGF autocrine activity of tumor cells in sequential culture without any stimulation in vitro.|
Results: our research samples were 75 specimens. The VEGF value was low in 13 cases of benign diseases, no obvious auto-secretary activity of those cells. There was no significant correlation between VEGF value and disease status in acute lymphoblastic leukemia; however, the cases were too small to had exact predict value (only 7 cases). In 17 Cases of malignant lymphoma, low D0 VEGF value (<300 pg) had good prognosis; those cases relapsed after treatment had high auto-secretary activity (high VEGF value of 7th culture day) and had bad disease prognosis, but there was no statistic significance. In 14 Cases of acute myelogenous leukemia, high D0 VEGF value (>150 pg) and high VEGF value of 7th culture day both presented bad disease outcome. In 16 cases of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), low plasma VEGF level (D0<300pg) was all in chronic phase; all cases in accelerated phase (3 cases) and acute blastic crisis (5 cases) presented with high plasma VEGF level (>300pg). Patients with high plasma VEGF level had 70 % (7of 10) in worse disease status (P=0.010). Patients in chronic phase of CML had low VEGF auto-secretary activity and most of the blastic crisis patients were with high VEGF auto-secretary activity and also had bad prognosis. (P=0.248)
Conclusion: although our study is a primary result, study cases are varied, but it still provide important information that VEGF has an important role in hematological malignancies. We will process further research of single and specific disease in the future to analyze the exact correlation of VEGF and hematological diseases.