Title page for etd-1224111-225021


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URN etd-1224111-225021
Author Min-Lang Chang
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 4704 times. Download 660 times.
Department Biological Sciences
Year 2011
Semester 1
Degree Ph.D.
Type of Document
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Effects of cadmium on the activity and gene expression of peroxidase isozymes in different Oryza sativa varieties
Date of Defense 2011-11-05
Page Count 181
Keyword
  • cadmium
  • Oryza sativa
  • gene expression
  • promoter
  • peroxidase
  • Abstract Cadmium (Cd) is one of the major contaminants in agricultural soil, threatening agricultural production and human health. The objectives of this research work were to understand the tolerance mechanism in rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotype with more Cd-tolerance, and the relation between changes of peroxidases activities and peroxidase gene expression profiles after Cd-treated. For more, we analysis about cis-acting elements in the rice peroxidase genes promoter sequences region, gene structure of rice peroxidase genes and phylogenic relation among 9 peroxidase genes which were blasted from 6 Arabidopsis thaliana Cd-induced based on the peroxidase genes protein sequences. We used 9 upland and 32 varieties rice seeds as materials for germination and the growth of seedlings test with 50 or 500 μM CdCl2 application, respectively. Rice seeds germination is a complex physiological and biochemical process, and is highly affected by cadmium. The results showed that Cd inhibited both the growth of radicles and coleoptiles. At germination stage, Cd highly inhibited the growth of upland rice. Among these rice varieties, Japonica type cultivars are more tolerant to Cd, but Indica type are more sensitive to Cd. Upland rice cultivars are the most sensitive to Cd. At seedling stage, Cd highly inhibited the growth of roots, but slightly inhibited the growth of shoots. To cope with Cd-induced stresses, plants adopt different strategies and posses a variety of defense mechanisms to prevent themselves from Cd damage. Peroxidase (POXs) is an important antioxidative enzyme for defense responses against Cd oxidative stress. The results suggested that different rice variety has a specific peroxidase gene expression pattern by the pI focusing electrophoresis after Cd-treated, and the peroxidase activities are significant differences when these rice varieties faced Cd stress. In this study, we searched the rice databases (japonica type) and cloned the promoter sequences of the indica type of the rice peroxidase genes, pI 4.5 POX and pI 5.1 POX genes. According to the search results about cis-acting elements from PLACE and PlantCARE databases, these cis-acting elements can be divided into three classes, showing as follow:1. Transcriptional related; 2. Light regulated related, and 3. Plant hormones- and stress-related. Based on all reported cis-acting elements, there are many types of transcription factors (TFs) involved in regulation of rice pI 4.5 POX and pI 5.1 POX genes expression. These TFs, which can recognize the specific cis-acting elements to regulate the gene expression, and will be induced by stresses and defense-related plant hormones. We found a cis-acting element (CURECORECR) which response to copper in both rice peroxidase genes promoter regions. There is a number of difference between Japonica type and Indica type peroxidase genes, japonica type peroxidase has more cis-acting elements than indica type. Plant class III peroxidases are present in all land plants. All land plant peroxidase genes are with the same putative ancestor of peroxidase genes and are orthologous genes, but they have specific functions of individual perxidase genes owing to their promoter sequences are very divergent. We used 6 Arabidopsis Cd-related peroxidases protein sequences as a starting point for rice peroxidase datas mining. We found 9 rice peroxidase genes have a closely relation among them. For more details about these rice peroxidase genes, searching each one of these rice peroxidases its gene structure on the Rice Genome Annotation Project (RGAP), comparison and their relation. The expressions of these peroxidase genes are very different among them after Cd treatment, and we also found the same cis-acting element (CURECORECR) which response to copper in all 9 rice peroxidase genes promoter regions. There is a number of difference among them.
    Advisory Committee
  • Tse-Min Lee - chair
  • Chung-Lung Cho - co-chair
  • Chi-Chu Tsai - co-chair
  • Hsien-Jung Chen - co-chair
  • Zin-Huang Liu - advisor
  • Files
  • etd-1224111-225021.pdf
  • Indicate in-campus at 0 year and off-campus access at 1 year.
    Date of Submission 2011-12-24

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